May 6, 2017

Army History

44 cards
    • What date was the Army flag dedicated?
       . . . 
      June 14, 1956 (it was approved June 12, 1956).

      • What is the oldest part of our Army?
         . . . 
        The Army National Guard. (In December 1636, the Massachusetts Bay Colony organized America’s first militia regiments, some of which still serve today in the Army National Guard.)
        (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-2 / PDF 54)

        • What did the U.S. Army begin?
           . . . 
          June 14, 1775.
          (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-8 / PDF 56)

          • Who was the first commander in Chief of the Continental Army?
             . . . 
            George Washington.

            • When was the start of the Revolutionary War?
               . . . 
              April 19, 1775.
              (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-7 / PDF 56)

              • When was the Declaration of Independence signed?
                 . . . 
                July 4, 1776.
                (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-7 / PDF 56)

                • The Army received it’s first real training from what former Prussian Officer at Valley Forge in the winter of 1778?
                   . . . 
                  Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben.
                  (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-13 / PDF 59)

                  • What did Baron Friedrich von Steuben teach the Continental Army at Valley Forge?
                     . . . 
                    He taught the Continental Army:
                    A simplified but effective version of the drill formations and movements of European armies.
                    Proper care of equipment.
                    The use of the bayonet (a weapon in which British superiority had previously been marked).
                    He impressed upon officers their responsibility for taking care of the soldiers.
                    Taught NCOs how to train and lead those soldiers.
                    (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-13 / PDF 59)

                    • What is the name of the document that originally governed the United States and was later replaced by the Constitution?
                       . . . 
                      The Articles of Confederation.
                      (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-25 / PDF 61)

                      • The nation nearly doubled in 1803 when it purchased a huge expanse of territory from France in what became known as what?
                         . . . 
                        The Louisiana Purchase.
                        (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-29 / PDF 63)

                        • Who was one of the most prolific writers of the early 19th century and would be the author of “The Army Regulations of 1821”, the first written regulation by the Army since the publication of Baron von Steuben’s “Blue Book”?
                           . . . 
                          General Winfield Scott.
                          (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-43 / PDF 65)

                          • What were some of the areas covered in The Army Regulations of 1821?
                             . . . 
                            The hand salute.
                            How to conduct a march.
                            How to make a good stew for the company.
                            (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-43 / PDF 65)

                            • What is the bloodiest war in American history?
                               . . . 
                              The Civil War. Approximately 620,000 Americans on both sides died from combat, accident, starvation, and disease.
                              (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-74 / PDF 73)

                              • When and where did the Civil War actually begin?
                                 . . . 
                                The Civil War begun in April of 1861 when South Carolina militia forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.
                                (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-58 / PDF 68)

                                • The Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run showed the need for more what?
                                   . . . 
                                  More thorough preparation and for more soldiers.
                                  (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-61 / PDF 69)

                                  • President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862 freed the slaves in any areas still under Confederate control as of what date?
                                     . . . 
                                    January 1, 1863.
                                    (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-66 / PDF 70)

                                    • Congress authorized the creation of the Medal of Honor on what date?
                                       . . . 
                                      July 12, 1862.
                                      (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-67 / PDF 71)

                                      • Who received the first Medal of Honor ever awarded?
                                         . . . 
                                        Private Jacob Parrott, Company K, 33d Ohio Volunteer Infantry on March 25, 1863.
                                        (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-67 / PDF 71)

                                        • The Battle of Gettysburg started on what date?
                                           . . . 
                                          July 1, 1863.
                                          (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-68 / PDF 71)

                                          • General Lee surrendered his Army on what date, marking the end of the Civil War?
                                             . . . 
                                            April 9, 1865.
                                            (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-73 / PDF 73)

                                            • Who was the only female to receive the Medal of Honor?
                                               . . . 
                                              Dr. Mary E. Walker.

                                              • Congress declared war on Spain on what date?
                                                 . . . 
                                                April 25, 1898.
                                                (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-79 / PDF 76)

                                                • When did World War I begin?
                                                   . . . 
                                                  July 28, 1914.
                                                  (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-85 / PDF 78)

                                                  • What event sparked the start of World War I?
                                                     . . . 
                                                    A Bosnian separatist murdered the Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife during a visit to Sarajevo.
                                                    (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-85 / PDF 78)

                                                    • On February 23, 1917 the British turned over to the US Government an intercepted note from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico. In the note were instructions to offer Mexico an alliance in the event of war with the United States and promising that Mexico could regain what?
                                                       . . . 
                                                      Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.
                                                      (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-85 / PDF 78)

                                                      • On what date did President Wilson ask Congress to declare war on Germany?
                                                         . . . 
                                                        April 2, 1917.
                                                        (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-86 / PDF 78)

                                                        • The Armistice ended the fighting at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. Known for many years as Armistice Day, what is it now called in the United States?
                                                           . . . 
                                                          Veteran’s Day.
                                                          (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-86 / PDF 78)

                                                          • One result of WWI was the creation of what International body roughly similar to the United Nations of today?
                                                             . . . 
                                                            The League of Nations. (It was envisioned as a forum where disputes could be settled peacefully.)
                                                            (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-100 / PDF 83)

                                                            • National Defense Act of June 4, 1920 governed the organization and regulation of what until 1950?
                                                               . . . 
                                                              The Army.
                                                              (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-101 / PDF 84)

                                                              • On what date did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?
                                                                 . . . 
                                                                December 7, 1941.
                                                                (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-113 / PDF 87)

                                                                • The Women’s Army Corps was created in what year?
                                                                   . . . 
                                                                  1943.
                                                                  (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-151 / PDF 102)

                                                                  • When was D-Day?
                                                                     . . . 
                                                                    June 6, 1944.
                                                                    (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-119 / PDF 89)

                                                                    • Just after dawn on D-Day, the 1st, 4th, and 29th Infantry Divisions assaulted what beaches?
                                                                       . . . 
                                                                      Utah and Omaha.
                                                                      (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-119 / PDF 89)

                                                                      • President Truman authorized the use of two atomic bombs against Japan, destroying Hiroshima and Nagasaki on what dates?
                                                                         . . . 
                                                                        Hiroshima — August 6, 1945.
                                                                        Nagasaki — August 9, 1945.
                                                                        (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-130 / PDF 93)

                                                                        • The National Security Act of 1947 was a sweeping reorganization of the US military. What did it establish?
                                                                           . . . 
                                                                          Department of Defense.
                                                                          Army.
                                                                          Navy.
                                                                          Air Force.
                                                                          (FM7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-133 / PDF 95)

                                                                          • What year marked the start of the Korean War?
                                                                             . . . 
                                                                            1950.
                                                                            (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-136 / PDF 96)

                                                                            • In early of what year did President Johnson begin a process of escalation that put 184,000 American troops in South Vietnam by year’s end?
                                                                               . . . 
                                                                              1965.
                                                                              (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-144 / PDF 99)

                                                                              • What is the longest war in U.S. History?
                                                                                 . . . 
                                                                                The Vietnam War.

                                                                                • In early of what year did President Johnson begin a process of escalation that put 184,000 American troops in South Vietnam by year’s end?
                                                                                   . . . 
                                                                                  1965.
                                                                                  (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-144 / PDF 99)

                                                                                  • After a U.S. Marine was shot in 1989 in Panama, what Operation was launched?
                                                                                     . . . 
                                                                                    Operation Just Cause.
                                                                                    (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-157 / PDF 104)

                                                                                    • General H. Norman Schwarzkopf and his Saudi counterpart sent their multinational ground forces across the border into Iraq in what in late February of what year?
                                                                                       . . . 
                                                                                      1991.
                                                                                      (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-159 / PDF 106)

                                                                                      • On what date did the United States enormous support from the global community, respond to the attacks on September 11th, 2001 with attacks on the al-Qaeda network and the Taliban-controlled government of Afghanistan that was supporting it?
                                                                                         . . . 
                                                                                        October 7, 2001.
                                                                                        (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-166 / PDF 107)

                                                                                        • With a coalition that included Great Britain, Australia, Poland and 44 other nations, the United States began offensive military operations to remove Saddam Hussein from power and liberate Iraq on what date?
                                                                                           . . . 
                                                                                          March 20, 2003.
                                                                                          (FM 7-21.13 Feb 2004 / 2-169 / PDF 109)

                                                                                          • When was Saddam Hussein captured?
                                                                                             . . . 
                                                                                            December 13, 2003.

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