Jul 12, 2016

Collocations 14: Countryside

57 cards
, 63 answers
  • Writing about the landscape
    •  . . . 
      gentle landscape
      — a landscape with nothing extreme or threatening about it

      •  . . . 
        open fields
        — fields uninterrupted by woods or houses

        •  . . . 
          catch a glimpse of
          — saw for a moment

          •  . . . 
            take a picture
            — take a photo

            •  . . . 
              round a bend
              — turn a corner

              •  . . . 
                fall into ruin
                — become a ruin

                •  . . . 
                  mountains towering
                  — mountains rising dramatically

                  •  . . . 
                    unspoilt countryside
                    — countryside that has not been changed by industry or modern building

                    •  . . . 
                      dense forest
                      — thick forest

                      •  . . . 
                        stream winds
                        — makes lots of bends, doesn’t flow in a straight line

                        • From my room I look out over the  . . . 
                          surrounding countryside
                          . It’s very different from the  . . . 
                          familiar landscape
                          I see from the windows at home. At home it’s a  . . . 
                          gentle landscape
                          with open fields. Here it’s a  . . . 
                          bleak landscape
                          with  . . . 
                          rocky mountains
                          in the distance.

                          • Yesterday we  . . . 
                            followed a path
                            down to the lake. As we  . . . 
                            turned a corner
                            , we  . . . 
                            caught a glimpse of
                            a kingfisher standing in the water. John tried to  . . . 
                            take a picture
                            of it but it  . . . 
                            caught sight of
                            us and flew off. A little further on we  . . . 
                            rounded a bend
                            and St John’s Abbey  . . . 
                            came into view
                            . The Abbey  . . . 
                            fell into ruin
                            about three hundred years ago. Although it  . . . 
                            lies in ruins
                            , it is  . . . 
                            well worth seeing
                            as it stands in a  . . . 
                            dramatic setting
                            on a  . . . 
                            steep slope
                            beside a  . . . 
                            fast-flowing river
                            with  . . . 
                            mountains towering
                            above it.

                            • The cottage is in some wonderful  . . . 
                              unspoilt countryside
                              on the edge of a  . . . 
                              dense forest
                              . Unfortunately the trees  . . . 
                              block the view
                              of the  . . . 
                              snow-covered mountains
                              . It has a little garden with a stream at the end of it. The  . . . 
                              stream winds
                              through the forest. They wanted to build a timber factory here but the local people said that it would  . . . 
                              destroy the countryside
                              and, fortunately, their campaign to  . . . 
                              protect the environment
                              succeeded.

                            • The language of tourism
                              •  . . . 
                                uninterrupted
                                view — nothing blocks the view

                                •  . . . 
                                  panoramic
                                  view — view over a very wide area

                                  •  . . . 
                                    spectacular
                                    view — very dramatic view

                                    •  . . . 
                                      admire
                                      a view — enjoy a view

                                      •  . . . 
                                        breathtaking
                                        scenery — extremely striking and beautiful views

                                        •  . . . 
                                          dominate
                                          the landscape — can be seen from a long way away

                                          • beach  . . . 
                                            stretches

                                            •  . . . 
                                              sandy
                                              beach

                                              •  . . . 
                                                secluded
                                                beach

                                                •  . . . 
                                                  golden
                                                  sands

                                                  •  . . . 
                                                    peaceful
                                                    countryside

                                                    •  . . . 
                                                      tranquil
                                                      countryside

                                                      • From most rooms there are  . . . 
                                                        uninterrupted
                                                        views of the castle.

                                                        • For the top floor restaurant diners have a  . . . 
                                                          panoramic
                                                          view of the countryside.

                                                          • From the balcony there is a  . . . 
                                                            spectacular view
                                                            of the mountains.

                                                            • We stopped for a few minutes to  . . . 
                                                              admire
                                                              the view.

                                                              • The area has some  . . . 
                                                                breathtaking
                                                                scenery — mountains, cliffs, lakes.

                                                                • The castle  . . . 
                                                                  dominates
                                                                  the landscape for mile around.

                                                                  • A beautiful beach  . . . 
                                                                    stretches
                                                                    for miles along the coast.

                                                                    • The hotel has its own  . . . 
                                                                      sandy
                                                                      beach.

                                                                      • You’ll love the  . . . 
                                                                        secluded
                                                                        beaches.

                                                                        • You can wander for miles along the  . . . 
                                                                          golden
                                                                          sands.

                                                                          • You can quickly go from the hustle and bustle of the town to the  . . . 
                                                                            tranquil
                                                                            countryside.

                                                                          • Complete the collocations.
                                                                            • 1. Near the lake there is an old house that  . . . 
                                                                              fell into
                                                                              ruin about a hundred years ago.
                                                                              • fell into
                                                                              • turned

                                                                            • 2. The house stands in a lovely landscape, surrounded by  . . . 
                                                                              open
                                                                              fields.
                                                                              • dramatic
                                                                              • open

                                                                            • 3. We  . . . 
                                                                              followed
                                                                              a footpath along the river for about three kilometres.
                                                                              • followed
                                                                              • turned

                                                                            • 4. In the distance there were  . . . 
                                                                              snow-covered
                                                                              mountains.
                                                                              • snow-covered
                                                                              • snowy

                                                                            • 5. We walked through a  . . . 
                                                                              dense
                                                                              forest; it was very dark among the trees.
                                                                              • bleak
                                                                              • dense

                                                                          • Correct the underlined collocation errors in this paragraph.
                                                                            • A chain of snowy mountains runs down the east of the country. The Wassa River, the country’s biggest dances slowly from the northern mountains to the sea. Even in summer it is a sour landscape, with its dark, stony mountains and its cold streams. But for me it is the family landscape of my childhood and I am happy that the government has decided to guard this environment. It is a dramatic set which is a lot worth visiting for anyone who likes spectacle views.

                                                                              • A chain of - mountains runs down the east of the country. The Wassa River, the country’s biggest, slowly from the northern mountains to the sea. Even in summer it is a landscape, with its dark, mountains and its cold streams. But for me it is the landscape of my childhood and I am happy that the government has decided to this environment. It is a dramatic which is worth visiting for anyone who likes views.

                                                                              • Choose the correct collocation.
                                                                                • 1. We  . . . 
                                                                                  took
                                                                                  a lot of photographs because it was such a beautiful day.
                                                                                  • put
                                                                                  • took
                                                                                  • made

                                                                                • 2. As I  . . . 
                                                                                  turned
                                                                                  the corner I  . . . 
                                                                                  caught
                                                                                  a glimpse of the house through the trees.
                                                                                  • returned | took
                                                                                  • returned | caught
                                                                                  • turned | caught
                                                                                  • turned | took

                                                                                • 3. A long  . . . 
                                                                                  sandy
                                                                                  beach  . . . 
                                                                                  stretched
                                                                                  for miles in front of us.
                                                                                  • sandy | run
                                                                                  • sandy | stretched
                                                                                  • sanded | reached

                                                                                • 4. Unfortunately, the new hotel  . . . 
                                                                                  blocks
                                                                                  the view of the castle.
                                                                                  • jams
                                                                                  • stops
                                                                                  • blocks

                                                                              • Complete these collocations for countryside.
                                                                                • adjective meaning ‘beautiful because it has not been changed or damaged by people’
                                                                                  • spectacular
                                                                                  • uninterrupted
                                                                                  • unspoilt

                                                                                • adjective meaning ‘peaceful, quiet’
                                                                                  • dense
                                                                                  • gentle
                                                                                  • tranquil

                                                                                • verb meaning ‘damage something so badly that it no longer exists or cannot be used’
                                                                                  • destroy
                                                                                  • block
                                                                                  • protect

                                                                                • adjective meaning ‘lying around it’
                                                                                  • secluded
                                                                                  • dominating
                                                                                  • surrounding

                                                                              • Choose the word which collocates with the underlined word.
                                                                                • 1. It’s a beautiful town and the  . . . 
                                                                                  surrounding
                                                                                  countryside (which is all around it) is even more beautiful.
                                                                                  • familiar
                                                                                  • spectacular
                                                                                  • surrounding

                                                                                • 2. The tower  . . . 
                                                                                  dominates
                                                                                  the landscape (is the most important and visible thing on) the landscape.
                                                                                  • dominates
                                                                                  • protects
                                                                                  • destroys

                                                                                • From the top of the tower, you get a  . . . 
                                                                                  panoramic
                                                                                  view (which allows you to see a very wide stretch) of the surrounding area.
                                                                                  • uninterrupted
                                                                                  • breathtaking
                                                                                  • panoramic

                                                                                • 3. There are lovely  . . . 
                                                                                  secluded
                                                                                  beaches (with very few people on them).
                                                                                  • golden
                                                                                  • sandy
                                                                                  • secluded

                                                                                • 4. We travelled through some  . . . 
                                                                                  breathtaking
                                                                                  scenery (which was extremely exciting and beautiful).
                                                                                  • panoramic
                                                                                  • peaceful
                                                                                  • breathtaking

                                                                                • 5. From the windows of our villa we had  . . . 
                                                                                  uninterrupted
                                                                                  views (which were continuous, without any obstacles) of the lakes and mountains.
                                                                                  • spectacular
                                                                                  • dramatic
                                                                                  • uninterrupted

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