Jul 31, 2016

Collocations 25: Health and illness

38 cards
, 66 answers
  • Common verb collocations referring to illnesses and injuries
    •  . . . 
      catch
      a cold, the flu, a chill, pneumonia — Example
      I got soaking wet and caught a cold.

      1.  . . . 
        contract
        [formal] a disease, malaria, typhoid — Example
        Uncle Jess contracted malaria while he was working in Africa.

        1.  . . . 
          develop
          (lung/breast) cancer, diabetes, AIDS, arthritis — Example
          My grandfather developed Alzheimer’s disease and could no longer remember things or recognize people.

          1.  . . . 
            suffer
            from asthma, hay fever, backache — Example
            She has suffered from asthma all her life.

            1.  . . . 
              have an attack
              of bronchitis, asthma, hay fever, diarrhea — Example
              She had an attack of hay fever and was sneezing non-stop.

              1.  . . . 
                be diagnosed
                with (lung/breast) cancer, AIDS, leukaemia, autism — Example
                He was diagnosed with lung cancer and died a year later.

                1.  . . . 
                  suffer
                  or  . . . 
                  sustain
                  [formal] (major/minor/serious/head) injuries — Example
                  The driver sustained serious head injuries in the crash.

                2. Fitness and good health
                  • 1.
                    Do you take regular  . . . 
                    vigorous exercise
                    ?

                    1. 2.
                      Do you eat a  . . . 
                      balanced diet
                      ?

                      1. 3.
                        Do you care about  . . . 
                        healthy eating
                        ?

                        1. 4.
                          Do you follow a personal  . . . 
                          fitness programme
                          ?

                          1. 5.
                            Do you always  . . . 
                            stick
                            to your programme?

                            1. 6.
                              In general, have you  . . . 
                              kept fit
                              over the last two years?

                            2. Collocations about sickness and pain in context.
                              • My poor friend Gina is  . . . 
                                terminally
                                ill. [She will die soon.] She suffers  . . . 
                                excruciating
                                / . . . 
                                unbearable
                                pain most of the time. Apparently it’s an  . . . 
                                incurable
                                illness that runs in her family.

                                Paul annoys everyone at work. He takes days off even for the most trivial/minor  . . . 
                                ailments
                                . It’s a serious  . . . 
                                illness
                                , but probably not  . . . 
                                life-threatening
                                .

                                For a few days it was  . . . 
                                acutely
                                / . . . 
                                intensely
                                painful, but now it’s just a  . . . 
                                dull
                                ache. My doctor  . . . 
                                prescribed
                                me some tablets and they  . . . 
                                relieved
                                / . . . 
                                alleviated
                                the pain.

                                Lorna was  . . . 
                                taken ill
                                the other day. She’s in hospital. They’re not sure what it is yet.

                                I had a heavy  . . . 
                                cold
                                and a  . . . 
                                splitting
                                headache, so I wasn’t in a good mood. [the opposite of a heavy cold is a  . . . 
                                slight cold
                                ]

                              • Match the verbs and expressions with their collocations.
                                • sustain  . . . 
                                  minor injuries
                                  1. minor injuries
                                  2. diarrhoea
                                  3. typhoid
                                  4. autism
                                  5. breast cancer
                                  6. a cold

                                • contract  . . . 
                                  typhoid
                                  1. diarrhoea
                                  2. a cold
                                  3. minor injuries
                                  4. autism
                                  5. typhoid
                                  6. breast cancer

                                • have an attack of  . . . 
                                  diarrhoea
                                  1. autism
                                  2. minor injuries
                                  3. breast cancer
                                  4. typhoid
                                  5. diarrhoea
                                  6. a cold

                                • develop  . . . 
                                  breast cancer
                                  1. a cold
                                  2. diarrhoea
                                  3. breast cancer
                                  4. minor injuries
                                  5. typhoid
                                  6. autism

                                • be diagnosed with  . . . 
                                  breast cancer
                                  / . . . 
                                  autism
                                  1. diarrhoea
                                  2. a cold
                                  3. typhoid
                                  4. autism
                                  5. minor injuries
                                  6. breast cancer

                                • catch  . . . 
                                  a cold
                                  1. typhoid
                                  2. a cold
                                  3. autism
                                  4. minor injuries
                                  5. diarrhoea
                                  6. breast cancer

                              • Use the right collocation in these newspaper extracts.
                                • 1. Many musicians who  . . . 
                                  develop arthritis
                                  experience the tragedy of no longer being able to play their instrument.
                                  1. get arthritis
                                  2. develop arthritis

                                • 2. More than 50 passengers on the flight  . . . 
                                  had moderate or severe attack of diarrhoea
                                  . Medical officials suspect the in-flight catering was responsible.
                                  1. got moderate or severe diarrhoea
                                  2. had moderate or severe attack of diarrhea

                                • 3. To  . . . 
                                  be diagnosed with cancer
                                  is the most frightening experience, and people often need intense counselling to cope with it.
                                  1. be diagnosed with cancer
                                  2. get cancer

                                • 4. Millions of people  . . . 
                                  contract malaria
                                  each year in poorer countries, and drugs to treat it are in short supply.
                                  1. get malaria
                                  2. contract malaria

                                • 5. Mr Taylor escaped with bruises, but experts say he was lucky not to have  . . . 
                                  sustained serious injuries
                                  .
                                  1. have got serious injuries
                                  2. sustained serious injuries

                                • 6. Patients often  . . . 
                                  catch pneumonia
                                  while in hospital. In fact, experts now think hospitals may be the worst place to be if you are sick and weak.
                                  1. get pneumonia
                                  2. catch pneumonia

                              • Complete the collocations.
                                • 1. Flu is not a illness for most people, but it can be - for elderly people who are weak and who haven’t been vaccinated.

                                  1. 2. Patients who are ill often prefer to die at home surrounded by their loved ones.

                                    1. 3. I’m not in pain, it’s just a ache in my back tooth. I hate going to the dentist’s.

                                      1. 4. The children have a diet, with lots of fruit and vegetables and only a few sweet things now and then.

                                        1. 5. Turn that music down! I’ve got a headache.

                                          1. 6. You shouldn’t waste the doctor’s time with ailments. Get something at the chemist’s instead.

                                            1. 7. I need to adopt a proper fitness programme and to to it to get into shape again. I was in good a year ago but then I became a bit lazy.

                                              1. 8. Diseases which are now will be beaten one day if scientists continue to make progress with drugs and genetic science.

                                                1. 9. My aunt was ill when she was on holiday. Apparently, she was in pain. Luckily she had travel insurance.

                                                  1. 10. I believe in eating and I try to do exercise every other day.

                                                    1. 11. My doctor me a new drug to my backache. It worked!

                                                      1. 12. I took a day off work yesterday. It was nothing serious, just a cold.

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