Aug 3, 2016

Collocations 30: Laws and punishments

52 cards
, 101 answers
  • Flashcards
    • Collocations with law
      • to  . . . 
        observe
        the law

        1. to  . . . 
          obey
          the law [less formal than observe]

          1. to  . . . 
            break
            the law

            1. to  . . . 
              introduce
              the law

              1. to  . . . 
                respect
                the law

                1. to  . . . 
                  act
                  within the law

                  1. to  . . . 
                    uphold
                    the law

                    1. to  . . . 
                      enforce
                      the law

                      1. to  . . . 
                        pass
                        the law

                      2. Other law collocations
                        • law  . . . 
                          forbids
                          / prohibits

                          1. rules  . . . 
                            permit
                            / allow

                            1. rules /  . . . 
                              regulations
                              apply

                              1. to  . . . 
                                follow
                                the rules

                                1. regulations require /  . . . 
                                  stipulate

                                  1. to  . . . 
                                    comply
                                    with the regulations

                                    1. to  . . . 
                                      bend
                                      the rules

                                    2. Punishments collocations
                                      • to  . . . 
                                        carry out
                                        an investigation

                                        1. to  . . . 
                                          appear
                                          in court

                                          1. go on  . . . 
                                            trial

                                            1. reach a  . . . 
                                              verdict

                                              1. a  . . . 
                                                fair
                                                trial

                                                1. be  . . . 
                                                  severely
                                                  punished

                                                  1. pay /  . . . 
                                                    face
                                                    a heavy fine

                                                    1.  . . . 
                                                      face
                                                      the death penalty

                                                      1. act as a  . . . 
                                                        deterrent

                                                        1.  . . . 
                                                          suffer
                                                          the consequences

                                                          1. a  . . . 
                                                            harsh
                                                            penalty / sentence

                                                            1. a hard legal  . . . 
                                                              battle

                                                              1.  . . . 
                                                                win
                                                                a case

                                                              2. Quizzes.
                                                                • Choose the correct verb to fill the gaps in this paragraph. Use the words below.
                                                                  • obey      respect      passing      enforcing      act      break

                                                                    In law-abiding societies ordinary citizens are usually happy to the law. But there are also rather different societies where most people feel that it is not such a serious matter to the law. In such places, people do not seem to the law and even the most honest of citizens does not expect always to within it. The rules of such societies have no difficulty in new laws but the police have considerable problems when it comes to those laws.

                                                                  • Match the beginning of each sentence on the left with its ending on the right.
                                                                    • 1. The rules apply  . . . 
                                                                      to all students in the college.
                                                                      1. that coursework must be handed in on time.
                                                                      2. to book college guestrooms at weekends.
                                                                      3. the rules to allow Mary to submit her coursework a little late.
                                                                      4. the rules without too many complaints.
                                                                      5. with the regulations.
                                                                      6. the use of mobile phones in class.
                                                                      7. to all students in the college.

                                                                    • 2. The rules prohibit  . . . 
                                                                      the use of mobile phones in class.
                                                                      1. the rules to allow Mary to submit her coursework a little late.
                                                                      2. with the regulations.
                                                                      3. to all students in the college.
                                                                      4. the rules without too many complaints.
                                                                      5. the use of mobile phones in class.
                                                                      6. to book college guestrooms at weekends.
                                                                      7. that coursework must be handed in on time.

                                                                    • 3. The rules allow students  . . . 
                                                                      to book college guestrooms at weekends.
                                                                      1. the rules without too many complaints.
                                                                      2. that coursework must be handed in on time.
                                                                      3. the rules to allow Mary to submit her coursework a little late.
                                                                      4. to all students in the college.
                                                                      5. with the regulations.
                                                                      6. the use of mobile phones in class.
                                                                      7. to book college guestrooms at weekends.

                                                                    • 4. The regulations stipulate  . . . 
                                                                      that coursework must be handed in on time.
                                                                      1. the rules without too many complaints.
                                                                      2. the rules to allow Mary to submit her coursework a little late.
                                                                      3. with the regulations.
                                                                      4. the use of mobile phones in class.
                                                                      5. that coursework must be handed in on time.
                                                                      6. to all students in the college.
                                                                      7. to book college guestrooms at weekends.

                                                                    • 5. Most students follow  . . . 
                                                                      the rules without too many complaints.
                                                                      1. to all students in the college.
                                                                      2. that coursework must be handed in on time.
                                                                      3. to book college guestrooms at weekends.
                                                                      4. the rules to allow Mary to submit her coursework a little late.
                                                                      5. the rules without too many complaints.
                                                                      6. the use of mobile phones in class.
                                                                      7. with the regulations.

                                                                    • 6. The authorities bent  . . . 
                                                                      the rules to allow Mary to submit her coursework a little late.
                                                                      1. the use of mobile phones in class.
                                                                      2. the rules without too many complaints.
                                                                      3. to book college guestrooms at weekends.
                                                                      4. to all students in the college.
                                                                      5. with the regulations.
                                                                      6. that coursework must be handed in on time.
                                                                      7. the rules to allow Mary to submit her coursework a little late.

                                                                    • 7. All students must comply  . . . 
                                                                      with the regulations.
                                                                      1. that coursework must be handed in on time.
                                                                      2. to book college guestrooms at weekends.
                                                                      3. the rules without too many complaints.
                                                                      4. the use of mobile phones in class.
                                                                      5. to all students in the college.
                                                                      6. with the regulations.
                                                                      7. the rules to allow Mary to submit her coursework a little late.

                                                                  • Put these events in a crime story in order.
                                                                    • a) A number of witnesses appear in court.
                                                                      b) Bill Sikes goes on trial.
                                                                      c) Bill Sikes if found guilty.
                                                                      d) Bill Sikes is severely punished.
                                                                      e) Bill Sikes robs a bank.
                                                                      f) The jury reaches its verdict.
                                                                      g) The police carry out an investigation.
                                                                      1. 1 – e, 2 – g, 3 – c, 4 – a, 5 – f, 6 – b, 7 – d
                                                                      2. 1 – e, 2 – g, 3 – b, 4 – a, 5 – f, 6 – c, 7 – d
                                                                      3. 1 – g, 2 – e, 3 – a, 4 – b, 5 – f, 6 – c, 7 – d
                                                                      4. 1 – g, 2 – a, 3 – e, 4 – b, 5 – c, 6 – d, 7 – f

                                                                  • Answer these questions using one of the collocation about punishments.
                                                                    • 1. What does every lawyer in a trial hope to do? —  . . . 
                                                                      to win his or her case
                                                                      1. to win his or her case
                                                                      2. to carry out an investigation
                                                                      3. to reach a verdict

                                                                    • 2. What does every wrongly accused person who appears in court hope to receive? —  . . . 
                                                                      a fair trial
                                                                      1. harsh punishments
                                                                      2. a fair trial
                                                                      3. a heavy fine

                                                                    • 3. What do the police do after a major crime is committed? —  . . . 
                                                                      carry out an investigation
                                                                      1. act as deterrent
                                                                      2. win the case
                                                                      3. carry out an investigation

                                                                    • 4. What may happen to people in some countries if they are found guilty of a very serious crime like murder or terrorism? —  . . . 
                                                                      face the death penalty
                                                                      1. face the death penalty
                                                                      2. a heavy fine
                                                                      3. win her or his case

                                                                    • 5. How might be death penalty help to prevent serious crime? —  . . . 
                                                                      act as deterrent
                                                                      1. act as deterrent
                                                                      2. carry out an investigation
                                                                      3. a heavy fine

                                                                    • 6. What does the jury have to do at the end of a trial? —  . . . 
                                                                      to reach a verdict
                                                                      1. to reach a verdict
                                                                      2. to win a case
                                                                      3. act as deterrent

                                                                    • 7. What kind of punishments does a hard-heated judge give? —  . . . 
                                                                      harsh punishments
                                                                      1. a heavy fine
                                                                      2. harsh punishments
                                                                      3. a fair trial

                                                                    • 8. What kind of fine might a judge impose if the offence is quite serious? —  . . . 
                                                                      a heavy fine
                                                                      1. a fair trial
                                                                      2. harsh punishments
                                                                      3. a heavy fine

                                                                  • Complete the sentences.
                                                                    • 1. Everyone must  . . . 
                                                                      comply
                                                                      with these regulations.
                                                                      1. observe
                                                                      2. comply
                                                                      3. act

                                                                    • 2. These rules  . . . 
                                                                      apply
                                                                      to all citizens.
                                                                      1. pass
                                                                      2. obey
                                                                      3. apply

                                                                    • 3. The jury  . . . 
                                                                      reached
                                                                      a verdict of guilty.
                                                                      1. reached
                                                                      2. applied
                                                                      3. bended

                                                                    • 4. The police are  . . . 
                                                                      carrying out
                                                                      an investigation into the bank robbery.
                                                                      1. carrying out
                                                                      2. break
                                                                      3. face

                                                                    • 5. Our company always  . . . 
                                                                      acts
                                                                      within the law.
                                                                      1. follow
                                                                      2. wins
                                                                      3. acts

                                                                    • 6. The rules  . . . 
                                                                      prohibit
                                                                      student to eat and drink in the classrooms.
                                                                      1. respect
                                                                      2. prohibit
                                                                      3. permit

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