Jul 18, 2016

Quotation Marks

7 cards
  • Rule 1
    Periods and commas always go inside quotation marks, even inside single quotes.
    • Examples:
      The sign changed from “Walk,” to “Don’t Walk,” to “Walk” again within thirty seconds.
      She said, “Hurry up.”
      She said, “He said, ‘Hurry up.”’

    • Rule 2
      The placement of question marks with quotes follows logic. If a question is in quotation marks, the question mark should be placed inside the quotation marks.
      • Examples:
        She asked, “Will you still be my friend?”
        Do you agree with the saying, “All’s fair in love and war”?
        Here the question is outside the quote.

      • NOTE
        Only one ending punctuation mark is used with quotation marks. Also, the stronger punctuation mark wins. Therefore, no period after war is used.
        • Rule 3
          When you have a question outside quoted material AND inside quoted material, use only one question mark and place it inside the quotation mark.
          • Example:
            Did she say, “May I go?”

          • Rule 4
            Use single quotation marks for quotes within quotes. Note that the period goes inside all quote marks.
            • Example:
              He said, “Danea said, ‘Do not treat me that way.”’

            • Rule 5
              Use quotation marks to set off a direct quotation only.
              • Examples:
                “When will you be here?” he asked.
                He asked when you will be there.

              • Rule 6
                Do not use quotation marks with quoted material that is more than three lines in length. See Colons, Rule 5, p. 60 for style guidance with longer quotes.
                • Rule 7
                  When you are quoting something that has a spelling or grammar mistake or presents material in a confusing way, insert the term sic in italics and enclose it in brackets. Sic means, “This is the way the original material was.”
                  • Example:
                    She wrote, “I would rather die then [sic] be seen wearing the same outfit as my sister.”

                    • Should be than, not then.

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