Oct 28, 2017

TOEFL vocabulary: Abdicate-Auspicious (Part I) 1 of 7

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  • Introduction

    Welcome to TOEFL Vocabulary AudioLearn. This course is designed to help improve your TOEFL score by familiarizing you with the most common words that appear on the test. In this course, each vocabulary word will be pronounced and then  . . . 
    spelled for you. Next, you will hear two or three synonyms for the vocabulary word. A synonym is a word with a similar meaning. For example. ‘Test’ is a synonym for ‘exam’. After the synonym, you will hear an antonym for that word. And the antonym is a word with an opposite meaning. For example. ‘Love’ is an antonym for ‘hate’. If an antonym has not given that means the word is not having an antonym. Finally, you will hear the vocabulary word used in a sentence. Listen carefully for the word as it is used in context. It may be slightly varied from its original usage. For example, if the vocabulary word is ‘love’ you might hear ‘He loves to get gifts.’ or ‘She loved chocolate cake.’ The words are arranged in alphabetical order. For words with multiple meanings the most common total usage is provided for you. In cases where two meanings are common both meanings are given. Let’s get started.

    • 1. Abdicate
      A B. D. I. C. A. T. E. — Renounce. Relinquish. Give up.
      An antonym for abdicate is except. Remember. An antonym is a word with an opposite meaning.
      Listen to how abdicate is used in the following sentence.
      ⇢      The president of the company abdicated his position because of the scandal.

      • 2. Aberration
        A. B. E. R. R. A. T. I. O. N. — Deviation or abnormality.
        Adoration means the opposite of normality.
        For example.
        ⇢      Because of the aberration scientist will have to run more tests.

        • 3. Abrupt
          A. B. R. U. P. T. — Sudden or unexpected.
          An antonym for abrupt is gradual.
          Listen to how abrupt is used in the sentence.
          ⇢      The turn was so abrupt that the driver missed it.

          • 4. Abstain
            A. B. S. T. A. I. N. — To resist or do without.
            Abstaining is the opposite of indulging [in?].
            For example.
            ⇢      It is best to abstain from eating right before bed time.

            • 5. Abyss
              A. B. Y. S. S. — Gulf or chasm.
              Abyss does not have an antonym.
              This sentence shows how abyss is used.
              ⇢      Her depression felt like a deep abyss that she couldn’t climb out of.

              • 6. Accelerate
                A. C. C. E. L. E. R. A T. E. — To speed up.
                Accelerating is the opposite of decelerating.
                Listen to how accelerate is used in the following sentence.
                ⇢      Drivers should accelerate when passing another car.

                • 7. Accomplice
                  A. C. C. O. M. P. L. I. C. E. — Partner in crime. Collaborator.
                  Accomplice does not have an antonym.
                  For example.
                  ⇢      Because he was an accomplice in the crime he was sent to prison.

                  • 8. Accost
                    A. C. C. O. S. T. — To approach or confront.
                    Accost does not have an antonym.
                    Listen to the word in context.
                    ⇢      She was accosted outside the restaurant by a homeless person asking for money.

                    • 9. Acrimony
                      A. C. R. I. M. O. N. Y. — Hatred or bitterness.
                      Acrimony means the opposite of harmony.
                      The following sentence shows how acrimony is used.
                      ⇢      The acrimony between the two warring clans has caused much death and destruction.

                      • 10. Acumen
                        A. C. U. M. E. N. — Insight. Sharpness of mind.
                        Acumen does not have an antonym.
                        Listen to acumen in a sentence.
                        The candidate’s political acumen was his greatest asset.

                        • 11. Acute
                          A. C. U. T. E. — Sharp or intense.
                          Note how acute is used in the sentence.
                          ⇢      After the injury, there was an acute pain in her shoulder.

                          • 12. Adamant
                            A. D. A. M. A. N. T. — Firm. Unyielding.
                            Adamant is the opposite of compliant.
                            Listen to how adamant is used in a sentence.
                            ⇢      The professor was adamantly opposed to cheating.

                            • 13. Adept
                              A. D. E. P. T. — Skillful, proficient.
                              Adept is the opposite of incompetent.
                              For example.
                              ⇢      She is very adept at finding answers to complex problems.

                              • 14. Adhere
                                A. D. H. E. R. E. — Stick on. Stay.
                                Listen to adhere in the following sentence.
                                ⇢      The bandage will only adhere to dry skin.

                                • 15. Adjacent
                                  A. D. J. A. C. E. N. T. — Next to. Neighboring.
                                  Adjacent is the opposite of distant.
                                  For example.
                                  ⇢      John’s house is adjacent to his mother’s house.

                                  • 16. Agitate
                                    A G. I. T. A. T. E. — Excite. Disturb.
                                    Agitate is the opposite of calm.
                                    Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                    ⇢      She found his constant fidgeting to be agitating her nerves.

                                    • 17. Amicable
                                      A. M. I. C. A. B. L. E. — Friendly. Harmonious.
                                      Amicable is the opposite of disagreeable.
                                      For example.
                                      ⇢       [?] boyfriend parted under amicable terms.

                                      • 18. Animosity
                                        A. N. I. M. O. S. I. T. Y. — Hostility or hatred.
                                        Animosity is the opposite of good will.
                                        Listen to the word used in context.
                                        ⇢      The constant animosity between workers and management is not good for productivity.

                                        • 19. Annals
                                          A. N. N. A. L. S. — Records. Archives.
                                          The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                          ⇢      She found her great grandmother’s birth certificate in the annals of the town hall.

                                          • 20. Annuity
                                            A. N. N. U. I. T. Y. — Pension. Allowance.
                                            Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                            ⇢      The annuity is paid to him in October of each year.

                                            • 21. Acquiesce
                                              A. C. Q. U. I. E. S. C. E. — Agreed to. Comply.
                                              Acquiesce is the opposite of resist.
                                              For example.
                                              ⇢      The general acquiesced to his troops demands.

                                              • 22. Audible
                                                A U. D. I. B. L. E. — Able to be heard.
                                                Audible is the opposite of inaudible.
                                                Listen to the word in context.
                                                ⇢      His neighbor’s loud music was audible through the thin walls of his apartment.

                                                • 23. Augment
                                                  A U. G. M. E. N. T. — To add to. Supplement.
                                                  The antonym of augment is to diminish.
                                                  For example.
                                                  ⇢      In order to lose weight healthy eating should be augmented with exercise.

                                                  • 24. Auspicious
                                                    A U. S. P. I. C. I. O. U. S. — Favorable. Promising.
                                                    The opposite of auspicious is inauspicious.
                                                    Note how the word is used in the following sentence.
                                                    ⇢      The fortune teller declared June an auspicious month for the wedding.

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