Oct 28, 2017

TOEFL vocabulary: Salubrious- Synonym (Part III) 3 of 9

51 cards


    • 402. Salubrious
      S. A. L. U. B. R. I. O. U. S. — Healthy. Wholesome. Decent.
      The antonym for salubrious is unwholesome.
      Listen to its usage in this sentence.
      ⇢      Power walking is a salubrious habit.

      • 403. Salutary
        Helpful. Useful. Beneficial.
        ⇢      Many students find study groups to be a salutary experience.

        • 404. Sanguine
          S. A. N. G. U. I. N. E. — Confident. Optimistic. Cheerful.
          The antonym for sanguine is doubtful or uncertain.
          ⇢      The business woman charged into the board room in a sanguine manner.

          • 405. Sanitary
            S. A. N. I. T. A. R. Y. — Clean. Hygienic.
            The antonym for sanitary is unsanitary.
            ⇢      It is not sanitary to handle food without first washing your hands.

            • 406. Sanity
              S. A. N. I. T. Y. — Good sense. Wisdom. Peace of mind.
              The antonym for sanity is insanity.
              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
              ⇢      She had to go into counseling because her sanity was at risk.

              • 407. Satiated
                S. A. T. I. A. T. E. D. — Satisfied. Full. The internet for satiated is hungry or wanting.
                The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                ⇢      No matter how much he ate she could not satiate herself.

                • 408. Satire
                  S. A. T. I. R. E. — Parity. Caricature. Spoof.
                  For example.
                  ⇢      The play was a political satire that poked fun at the president.

                  • 409. Saturated
                    S. A. T. U. R. A. T. E. D. — [Sought.?] Drenched. Water logged.
                    The antonym of saturated is dry.
                    The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                    ⇢      The clothes were completely saturated so I took them off and put them in the dryer.

                    • 410. Scamper
                      S. C. A. M. P. E. R. — Run. Scurry. Scuttle.
                      Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                      ⇢      The chipmunk scampered back into the tree.

                      • 411. Scanty
                        S. C. A. N. T. Y. — Insufficient. Sparse. Flimsy.
                        The antonym for scanty is abundant.
                        Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                        ⇢      Even with scanty ingredients the expert chef could make a great meal.

                        • 412. Scoundrel
                          S. C. O. U. N. D. R. E. L. — Crook. Rascal. Villain.
                          For example.
                          ⇢      The police finally caught the scoundrel who stole from the elderly woman.

                          • 413. Scour
                            S. C. O. U. R. — Clean. Scrub. Wash.
                            Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                            ⇢      The maid wiped off the counters and scoured the floors.

                            • 414. Scrutinize
                              S. C. R. U. T. I. N. I. Z. E. — Examine. Inspect. Study.
                              The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                              ⇢      If you scrutinize anything too closely you’ll find a flaw in it.

                              • 415. Secular
                                S. E. C. U. L. A. R. — Worldly. Material.
                                The antonym for secular is religious or spiritual.
                                Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                ⇢      Priests are not concerned with secular pursuits such as wealth and fame.

                                • 416. Sedate
                                  S. E. D. A. T. E. — Calm. Dignified. Serene.
                                  The antonym for sedate is boisterous.
                                  For example.
                                  ⇢      The little girl was always laughing and screaming but her brother was more sedate.

                                  • 417. Sediment
                                    S. E. D. I. M. E. N. T. — Residue. Deposit. Remains.
                                    The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                    ⇢      I don’t like to use that cleaner because it leaves the gritty sediment.

                                    • 418. Seminal
                                      S. E. M. I. N. A. L. — Influential. Shaping. Determining.
                                      Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                      ⇢      The bibliography included all the seminal works in philosophy.

                                      • 419. Sensation
                                        S. E. N. S. A. T. I. O. N. — Feeling. Sense. Impression. The internet for sensation is numbness.
                                        Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                        ⇢      When I eat a York Peppermint Pattie I get the sensation that I’m skiing with the cool wind in my hair.

                                        • 420. Sentimental
                                          S. E. N. T. I. M. E. N. T. A. L. — Over romantic. Sappy. Corny.
                                          The antonym for sentimental is detached.
                                          For example.
                                          ⇢      She so sentimental that she keeps all her old love letters.

                                          • 421. Sequence
                                            S. E. Q. U. E. N. C. E. — Order. Series.
                                            The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                            ⇢      If you do the exercises in sequence they will help you build up your strength.

                                            • 422. Sheer
                                              S. H. E. E. R. — Pure. Utter. Total.
                                              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                              ⇢      The sheer volume of books and papers makes organization of my office difficult.

                                              • 423. Shimmer
                                                S. H. I. M. M. E. R. — Sparkle. Glisten. Glitter.
                                                Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                ⇢      Her prom dress shimmered under the dance lights.

                                                • 424. Shrivel
                                                  S. H. R. I. V. E. L. — Shrink. [Whether.?]
                                                  The antonym for shrivel is plump.
                                                  For example.
                                                  ⇢      Raisins are actually shriveled grapes.

                                                  • 425. Silhouette
                                                    S. I. L. H. O. U. E. T. T. E. — Outline. Shape. Shadow.
                                                    The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                    ⇢      I could see the silhouette of a man under the street light.

                                                    • 426. Silt
                                                      S. I. L. T. — Deposit. Mud. Sediment.
                                                      Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                      ⇢      When the river overflows it leaves a rich silt that is good for farming.

                                                      • 427. Skeptical
                                                        S. K. E. P. T. I. C. A. L. — Doubtful. Dubious.
                                                        The antonym for skeptical is convinced.
                                                        Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                        ⇢      The lofty claims of the infomercial made me skeptical.

                                                        • 428. Slouch
                                                          S. L. O. U. C. H. — Slump. Droop. Stoop.
                                                          The antonym for slouch is to stand up straight.
                                                          For example.
                                                          ⇢      The old man slouched in the waiting room.

                                                          • 429. Smuggler
                                                            S. M. U. G. G. L. E. R. — Someone who brings something into our country illegally.
                                                            The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                            ⇢      The drug smuggler brought cocaine into Florida by boat.

                                                            • 430. Snicker
                                                              S. N. I. C. K. E. R. — Laugh at. Scorn. Mock.
                                                              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                              ⇢      When the professor [bunton?] the chalkboard this student snicker to themselves.

                                                              • 431. Snide
                                                                S. N. I. D. E. — Sarcastic. Mean. Nasty.
                                                                The antonym for snide is pleasant.
                                                                Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                ⇢      Nobody liked him because he always made snide comments.

                                                                • 432. Society
                                                                  S. O. C. I. E. T. Y. — Civilization. Culture. Humanity.
                                                                  For example.
                                                                  ⇢      Western society puts a lot of pressure on people to get married and have a family.

                                                                  • 433. Solitary
                                                                    S. O. L. I. T. A. R. Y. — Loan. Single. Sole.
                                                                    The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                    ⇢      A solitary life can be very lonely.

                                                                    • 434. Soluble
                                                                      S. O. L. U. B. L. E. — Dissolvable.
                                                                      The antonym for soluble is insoluble.
                                                                      Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                      ⇢      Salt is soluble in water but pepper is insoluble in water.

                                                                      • 435. Somber
                                                                        S. O. M. B. E. R. — Sad. Mournful.
                                                                        The antonym for somber is upbeat or joyful.
                                                                        Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                        ⇢      The somber music made him feel sad.

                                                                        • 436. Sparse
                                                                          S. P. A. R. S. E. — Bare. Scant. Spare.
                                                                          The antonym for sparse is dense.
                                                                          For example.
                                                                          ⇢      The sparse room contained only a few pieces of furniture.

                                                                          • 437. Spectator
                                                                            S. P. E. C. T. A. T. O. R. — Watcher. Audience member.
                                                                            The antonym of spectator is participant.
                                                                            The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                            ⇢      The spectators cheered when the soccer player scored a goal.

                                                                            • 438. Squirm
                                                                              S. Q. U. I. R. M. — Regal. Right. Twist.
                                                                              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                              ⇢      The worm squirmed when the fishermen pierced it with the hook.

                                                                              • 439. Stance
                                                                                S. T. A. N. C. E. — This word can have two meanings.
                                                                                1. Stands can mean physical posture or bearing.
                                                                                For example.
                                                                                ⇢      The animal’s aggressive stance is a warning to stay away.

                                                                                2. Stance can also mean attitude or standpoint.
                                                                                For example.
                                                                                ⇢      The judge has a conservative stance on the rights of criminals.

                                                                                • 440. Stature
                                                                                  S. T. A. T. U. R. E. — Standing. Status. Reputation.
                                                                                  Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                                  ⇢      He wasn’t willing to give up his high stature.

                                                                                  • 441. Stereotype
                                                                                    S. T. E. R. E. O. T. Y. P. E. — This word can be used as a noun or a verb.
                                                                                    1. A stereotype is an oversimplification over generalization or distortion.
                                                                                    For example.
                                                                                    ⇢      One stereotype about women is that they all love to go shopping.

                                                                                    2. Stereotype can also be used as a verb. To stereotype someone is to typecast or label them.
                                                                                    For example.
                                                                                    ⇢      I don’t like that film because it stereotypes African Americans as gangsters.

                                                                                    • 442. Stolid
                                                                                      S. T. O. L. I. D. — Impassive. Unresponsive. Insensitive.
                                                                                      Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                                      ⇢      He remained stolid in the face of opposition.

                                                                                      • 443. Stringent
                                                                                        S. T. R. I. N. G. E. N. T. — Strict. Severe. Rigid.
                                                                                        The antonym of stringent is flexible.
                                                                                        The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                                        ⇢      I can’t abide by your stringent rules any longer.

                                                                                        • 444. Stun
                                                                                          S. T. U. N. — Shock. [Days.?] Bewilder.
                                                                                          Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                                          ⇢      He was stunned to find out she was the winner of the contest.

                                                                                          • 445. Suave
                                                                                            S. U. A. V. E. — Smooth. Polished. Debonair.
                                                                                            The antonym for suave is awkward.
                                                                                            For example.
                                                                                            ⇢      James Bond is known for being suave with the ladies.

                                                                                            • 446. Subtle
                                                                                              S. U. B. T. L. E. — Slight. Delicate. Understated.
                                                                                              The antonym for subtle is obvious.
                                                                                              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                                              ⇢      The subtle hints of color made the room very inviting.

                                                                                              • 447. Succeed
                                                                                                S. U. C. C. E. E. D. — Do well. Achieve something.
                                                                                                The antonym for succeed is fail.
                                                                                                The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                                                ⇢      If his restaurant succeeds then he will make a lot of money.

                                                                                                • 448. Superfluous
                                                                                                  S. U. P. E. R. F. L. U. O. U. S. — Extra. Extraneous.
                                                                                                  The antonym for superfluous is essential.
                                                                                                  Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                                                  ⇢      Much of what you learn in school is superfluous to your career.

                                                                                                  • 449. Supine
                                                                                                    S. U. P. I. N. E. — Supine is an adjective meaning lying on the back with the face upward.
                                                                                                    For example.
                                                                                                    ⇢      I can only sleep in the supine position.

                                                                                                    • 450. Suspend
                                                                                                      S. U. S. P. E. N. D. — Postpone. Delay. Defer.
                                                                                                      The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                                                      ⇢      We will suspend this discussion until next week.

                                                                                                      • 451. Sympathy
                                                                                                        S. Y. M. P. A. T. H. Y. — Pity. Commiseration. Condolences.
                                                                                                        Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                                                        ⇢      She expressed her sympathy for his lost by sending flowers.

                                                                                                        • 452. Synonym
                                                                                                          S. Y. N. O. N. Y. M. — Word that means the same thing or almost the same thing.
                                                                                                          Alternative word. Synonym means the opposite of antonym.
                                                                                                          Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                                                          ⇢      Beautiful is a synonym for pretty.

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