Dec 20, 2016

UNIT 119 • By and until, By the time …

28 cards
, 46 answers
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  • Make sentences with ‘by’.
    • I have to be at home not later than 5 o’clock.
      I have to be at home

      • I have to be at the airport not later than 10.30.
        I have to be at the airport

        • Let me know not later than Saturday whether you can come to the party.
          Let me know

          • Please make sure that you’re here not later than 2 o’clock.
            Please make sure you’re here

            • If we leave now, we should arrive not later than lunchtime.
              If we leave now, we should arrive

            • Complete the sentences with ‘by’ or ‘until’.
              • Fred has gone away. He’ll be away  . . . 
                until
                Monday.
                • by
                • until

              • Sorry, but I must go. I have to be at home  . . . 
                by
                5 o’clock.
                • by
                • until

              • I’ve been offered a job. I haven’t decided yet whether to accept it or not. I have to decide  . . . 
                by
                Thursday.
                • by
                • until

              • I think I’ll wait  . . . 
                until
                Thursday before making a decision.
                • by
                • until

              • It’s too late to go shopping. The shops are only open  . . . 
                until
                5.30. They’ll be closed now.
                • by
                • until

              • I’d better pay the phone bill. It has to be paid  . . . 
                by
                tomorrow.
                • by
                • until

              • Don’t pay the bill today. Wait  . . . 
                until
                tomorrow.
                • by
                • until

              • A: Have you finished redecorating your house?
                B: Not yet. We hope to finish  . . . 
                by
                the end of the week.
                • by
                • until

              • A: I’m going out now. I’ll be back at 4.30. Will you still be here?
                B: I don’t think so. I’ll probably have gone out  . . . 
                by
                then.
                • by
                • until

              • I’m moving into my new flat next week. I’m staying with a friend  . . . 
                until
                then.
                • by
                • until

              • I’ve got a lot of work to do.  . . . 
                By
                the time I finish, it will be time to go to bed.
                • By
                • Until

              • If you want to do the exam, you should enter  . . . 
                by
                3 April.
                • by
                • until

            • Complete the sentences with ‘by’ or ‘until’.
              • Fred is away at the moment. He’ll be away  . . . 
                until
                Monday.
                • by
                • until

              • Fred is away at the moment. He’ll be back  . . . 
                by
                Monday.
                • by
                • until

              • I’m just going out. I won’t be very long. Wait here  . . . 
                until
                I comeback.
                • by
                • until

              • I’m going shopping. It’s 4.30 now. I won’t be very long. I’ll be back  . . . 
                by
                5 o’clock.
                • by
                • until

              • If you want to apply for the job, your application must be received  . . . 
                by
                next Friday.
                • by
                • until

              • Last night I watched TV  . . . 
                until
                midnight.
                • by
                • until

            • Read the situations and complete the sentences using ‘By the time ...’.
              • Jane was invited to a party but she got there much later than she intended.
                most of the other guests had gone.

                • I had to catch a train but it took me longer than expected to get to the station.
                  my train had already gone.

                  • I saw two men who looked as if they were trying to steal a car. I called the police but it was some time before they arrived.
                    the two men had disappeared.

                    • A man escaped from prison last night. It was a long time before the guards discovered what had happened.
                      the escaped prisoner was miles away.

                      • I intended to go shopping after finishing my work. But I finished my work much later than expected.
                        it was too late to go shopping.

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