Jan 17, 2017

UNIT 15: Essential English Words (Book 1)

29 cards
, 81 answers
  • Learn the following target words.

    across prep.
    To go across something is to go to the other side of it.
    He walked across the board to the other side.

    breathe v.
    To breathe means to let air go in and out of your body.
    We need strong healthy lungs to help us breathe well.

    characteristic n.
    A characteristic is something that shows what a person or a thing is like.
    One characteristic of tigers is their black stripes.

    consume v.
    To consume something means to eat or drink it.
    Jack consumed a whole plate of spaghetti.

    excite v.
    To excite someone means to make them happy and interested.
    I heard about the school dance on Friday. This excited me.

    extreme adj.
    If something is extreme, it is in a large amount or degree.
    His workout was so extreme that he was sweating heavily.

    fear n.
    Fear is the feeling of being afraid.
    I have a great fear of skateboarding.

    fortunate adj.
    If you are fortunate, you are lucky.
    I was fortunate to get a seat.

    happen v.
    If someone happens to do something, they do it by chance.
    I happened to meet some new friends at school today.

    length n.
    The length of something is how long it is from one end to the other.
    The length of the floor is three meters.

    mistake n.
    A mistake is something you do wrong.
    My boss always yells at me when I make a mistake.

    observe v.
    To observe something is to watch it.
    Brian observed the sun rising over the mountains.

    opportunity n.
    An opportunity is a chance to do something.
    I had an opportunity to take pictures in the jungle.

    prize n.
    A prize is something of value that is given to the winner.
    I won a prize for getting the best grade on my science test.

    race n.
    A race is a contest to see who is the fastest.
    Paul is a fast runner, so he easily won the race.

    realize v.
    To realize is to suddenly understand.
    After I left my house, I realized that I left the light on.

    respond v.
    To respond is to give an answer to what someone else said.
    When the teacher asked the question, we all responded.

    risk n.
    A risk is a chance of something bad happening.
    I took a risk and climbed the snowy mountain.

    wonder v.
    To wonder is to ask yourself questions or have a need to know.
    The young mother wondered if she’d have a boy or a girl.

    yet adv.
    Yet is used to say something has not happened up to now.
    We can’t go out yet; we’re still eating.
    • Choose the right word for the given definition.
      • how long something is
        • length
        • characteristic
        • mistake
        • wonder

      • to let air in and out of your body
        • breathe
        • excite
        • observe
        • consume

      • something of value that is given to the winner
        • risk
        • opportunity
        • happen
        • prize

      • lucky
        • across
        • fortunate
        • extreme
        • yet

      • up to this point
        • across
        • yet
        • length
        • extreme

      • the feeling of being afraid
        • fear
        • length
        • characteristic
        • happen

      • to understand
        • breathe
        • realize
        • observe
        • respond

      • to eat
        • breathe
        • realize
        • observe
        • consume

      • to do by chance
        • realize
        • respond
        • excite
        • happen

      • something you did wrong
        • risk
        • fear
        • mistake
        • happen

    • Write a word that is similar in meaning to the underlined part.
      • Michael saw the accident that occurred today.

        • Renee knew there was a chance of something bad happening when she went swimming in the ocean.

          • I had to walk to the other side of the school to get to my next class.

            • Brad chose not to give an answer when I asked about his weekend.

              • Sarah ran around the park to get ready for the contest where people run against each other.

              • Choose if the bolded word makes or doesn’t make sense in a sentence.
                • I was fortunate because I received some useless gifts.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • Michelle left her characteristic at my house.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • Being tall is a characteristic of many trees.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • Theresa found an opportunity on the ground outside.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • Jeremy thought his hair was just the right length.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • Because he left work early, Carl had an opportunity to go to the concert.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • I could feel the length of the air outside.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • Angela felt fear when she got a good grade on her test.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • Our team won. We were fortunate.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • Billy feels fear when he has to talk in front of people.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

              • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.

                The Big Race

                A dog saw a group of animals across the road. He walked over to meet them. “What are you doing?” he asked them.

                “I just sold them tickets to a race between the rabbit and the turtle,” the duck responded.

                This news excited the dog. He felt fortunate that he happened to be there. “I don’t have anything to do today,” the dog said. “I want to buy a ticket, too.” The dog sat down to observe the race. The race would be extreme. It would be many kilometers in length. The rabbit and the turtle stood next to each other. They waited for the race to start. The dog wondered why the turtle agreed to run against the rabbit. Being fast was not a characteristic of turtles. The rabbit was going to win easily.

                Suddenly, the race began. The rabbit ran extremely quickly. The turtle walked slowly. After a minute, the rabbit looked back. He saw that the turtle was far behind him and was breathing quickly because he was so tired. The rabbit smiled and slowed to a walk.

                A minute later, the rabbit said, “I’m winning, so I’ll take a rest.” He sat and began to consume some grass. Then, he let his eyes close. He wasn’t the winner yet. But there was no risk of him losing the race. He went to sleep.

                Hours later, a loud sound woke him. All of the animals were yelling and looking at the field. He felt fear for the first time. The turtle was almost at the finish line. Now, the rabbit realized his mistake. But the race was over. He gave the turtle an opportunity to win, and the turtle took it. The duck handed the turtle his prize. It was the happiest day of the turtle’s life.

                The dog was happy for the turtle. “He isn’t fast,” the dog thought. “But he tried his best and did something great.”
                • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
                  • Why did the dog think the turtle had no opportunity to win the race?
                    • The turtle hadn’t won a race yet.
                    • Being fast was not a characteristic of turtles.
                    • The turtle was not fortunate.
                    • The turtle couldn’t walk across such a length.

                  • What did the duck do for the other animals?
                    • He told them the news.
                    • He sold tickets to them.
                    • He responded to their questions.
                    • He gave them a prize.

                  • What is this story about?
                    • The risk of running in a race.
                    • How to observe a turtle.
                    • The extreme speed of rabbits.
                    • A race between a rabbit and a turtle.

                  • What did the rabbit do after he woke up?
                    • He excited the animals.
                    • He consumed some grass.
                    • He realized his mistake.
                    • He breathed quickly.

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