Jan 18, 2017

UNIT 17: Essential English Words (Book 1)

24 cards
, 57 answers
  • Learn the following target words.



    appreciate v.
    To appreciate something is to understand its good qualities.
    I can appreciate the lovely scenery.

    available adj.
    If something is available, it means you can get it.
    There were many seats available in the room.

    beat v.
    To beat someone means to do better than they do.
    I managed to beat everyone in the race.

    bright adj.
    If something is bright, it shows a lot of light.
    The bright light from the explosion hurt my eyes.

    celebrate v.
    To celebrate is to do something to show that an event is special.
    We all celebrated when we heard the great news.

    determine v.
    To determine means to choose or make a decision.
    He tried to determine which one to eat first.

    disappear v.
    To disappear means to go away or not be seen.
    The top of the building is disappearing in the clouds.

    else adj.
    If you talk about something else, you talk about something different.
    I wanted a bike for my birthday, but I got something else.

    fair adj.
    Fair describes treating someone in a way that is reasonable or right.
    He sold me his car for a fair price.

    flow v.
    To flow is to move easily and continuously in one direction.
    The water flowed over the rocks and into the lake.

    forward adv.
    If you move forward, you move in the direction in front of you.
    When he saw his mother, the baby crawled forward to her.

    hill n.
    A hill is a round area of land. It is higher than the land around it.
    The sun was rising above the green hills.

    level n.
    A level is a point on a scale that measures something.
    Please check the level of the temperature.

    lone adj.
    If someone or something is lone, they are the only one of that kind.
    A lone man walked along the street.

    puddle n.
    A puddle is a pool of liquid on the ground.
    When the ice melted, it formed a puddle.

    response n.
    A response is the answer to a question.
    He asked if I was sad. My response was “No. “

    season n.
    A season is a time of the year: spring, summer, fall or winter.
    Fall is a warm season, while winter is very cold.

    solution n.
    A solution is a way to solve a problem.
    There are many problems. We need solutions!

    waste v.
    To waste means to carelessly use something all up.
    Turn off the water so you don’t waste it.

    whether conj.
    You use whether when you must choose between two things.
    I could not decide whether to go left or right.
    • Choose the right definition for the given word.
      • appreciate
        • to know why something is important
        • to have fun to show something is special
        • to use little of
        • to go away

      • available
        • to decide
        • able to get
        • to answer
        • to win

      • season
        • a pool of liquid
        • to move easily and continuously
        • a high area of land
        • a part of the year

      • solution
        • reasonable or in a right way
        • straight ahead
        • a way to solve a problem
        • to show choice between two things

      • level
        • a point on a scale
        • with much light
        • alone
        • different

    • Write a word that is similar in meaning to the underlined part.
      • He asked I liked new movies or old movies,
        wh

        • Don’t throw it in the trash without using all of it.
          wa

          • His final offer was very reasonable.
            f

            • You must decide what to do next,
              d

              • The rabbit will go away if you get too close,
                dis

              • Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the word bank.

                WORD BANK

                hill       ○      appreciate       ○      puddles       ○      response       ○      solution
                • We must find a to the difficult problem.

                  • I asked you a question. What is your

                    • The rain formed on the road.

                      • That is too high to climb.

                        • Do you the thought that went into the gifts you got?

                        • Choose the answer that suits the blank naturally.
                          • Every New Year’s Eve, we  . . . 
                            celebrate with friends
                            .
                            • celebrate with friends
                            • check the level of the day

                          • Do you want chicken,  . . . 
                            or do you want something else
                            ?
                            • or do you want something else
                            • whether it happens or not

                          • If we try hard, we can  . . . 
                            beat the other team
                            .
                            • beat the other team
                            • waste our time

                          • Let’s turn around and go back,  . . . 
                            to the last season
                            .
                            • to the last season
                            • not forward

                          • I put on my sunglasses because  . . . 
                            the sun was so bright
                            .
                            • the sun was so bright
                            • a lone man stood on the road

                        • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.



                          The Race for Water

                          There was a town next to a river. The people there had a lot of water. But they wasted it. That made the Sky angry. It said, “If you waste water, I will take it away from you.” But the people didn’t listen.

                          When the season changed from spring to summer, the clouds disappeared. The bright sun was hot and made the river dry. There was no water available. People asked, “When will the rain fall?”

                          The Sky’s response was, “You don’t appreciate water. You waste it, and now I will never make rain again.”

                          A boy determined that this wasn’t fair. He thought of a solution. He asked the Sky to race him. He said, “If I get to the top of that hill before your rain can form puddles, you must fill our river.”

                          The Sky laughed. “Little boy, I am the Sky. I am above everything else. You cannot beat me.” But the boy knew he would win.

                          When the race began, the boy ran forward. The Sky started raining on the hill. But puddles did not form there. When it rained on the hill, the water went down. The Sky kept raining. The water flowed down into the river. When the boy reached the top of the hill, the river was full. The people began to celebrate. It was the highest level the river had ever been at before.

                          The Sky was angry. “A boy can’t beat me! I won’t fill your river,” it said. Now the boy laughed. “It doesn’t matter whether you want to fill it or not,” he said. “You already did.” The Sky looked at the full river.

                          “You tricked me,” it said. It asked the people, “Do you appreciate water now?”

                          “Yes,” they said. “We won’t waste it.” That is how a lone boy saved his town and won the race for water.
                          • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
                            • What is this story about?
                              • People who celebrate at a party.
                              • People who learn to appreciate a hill.
                              • A boy who swims in a river.
                              • A boy with the solution to a problem.

                            • The river became dry when  . . . 
                              the bright sun became very hot
                              .
                              • the people found available water nearby
                              • the water went somewhere else
                              • the bright sun became very hot
                              • the season changed from summer to spring

                            • What was the last thing the Sky did in the story?
                              • It saw the river at its highest level.
                              • It asked the people for a response about water.
                              • It determined the people wasted too much water.
                              • It raced a lone boy to the top of the hill.

                            • How did the boy save the town?
                              • He beat the rain to the top of the hill.
                              • He moved forward faster than the sun.
                              • He made the clouds disappear.
                              • He promised not to waste any more water.

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