Jan 20, 2017

UNIT 20: Essential English Words (Book 1)

34 cards
, 81 answers
  • Learn the following target words.

    achieve v.
    To achieve something is to successfully do it after trying hard.
    I was happy that I could achieve my goal.

    advise v.
    To advise someone is to tell them what to do.
    My mother often advises people about their money.

    already adv.
    If something happens already, it happens before a certain time.
    It is already time for the movie to start. Let’s go in.

    basic adj.
    If something is basic, it is very simple or easy.
    I learned some basic English skills in school today.

    bit n.
    A bit is a small amount of something.
    I ate a bit of chocolate before I went to bed.

    consider v.
    To consider something means to think about it.
    Pete didn’t like his job. He considered getting a new one.

    destroy v.
    To destroy means to damage something so badly that it cannot be used.
    The glass was destroyed.

    entertain v.
    To entertain someone is to do something that they enjoy.
    The clown entertained the kids at the party.

    extra adj.
    If something is extra, it is more than what is needed.
    The squirrel had extra nuts for the winter.

    goal n.
    A goal is something you work toward.
    Her goal was to become a doctor.

    lie v.
    To lie is to say or write something untrue to deceive someone.
    Whenever Pinocchio lied to his father, his nose grew.

    meat n.
    Meat is food made of animals.
    This piece of meat I’m eating tastes very good.

    opinion n.
    An opinion is a thought about a person or a thing.
    Meg told me her opinion of my story. She said it was not funny.

    real adj.
    If something is real, it actually exists.
    The handbag has a stamp on it, so it’s real.

    reflect v.
    To reflect is when a surface sends back light, heat, sound or an image.
    Her face was reflected on the smooth glass.

    regard v.
    To regard someone or something is to think of them in a certain way.
    The boy regarded the girl as a good friend.

    serve v.
    To serve someone is to give them food or drinks.
    He served us our drinks quickly.

    vegetable n.
    A vegetable is a plant used as food.
    Carrots are my favorite vegetable.

    war n.
    A war is a big fight between two groups of people.
    Many young men died in the war.

    worth adj.
    If something is worth an amount of money, it costs that amount.
    Our house is worth a lot of money.
    • Choose the right definition for the given word.
      • opinion
        • an animal
        • a fight
        • a plant
        • a thought

      • goal
        • a thought about someone or something
        • a fight between groups of people
        • a small amount of something
        • something you work toward

      • reflect
        • to send back an image
        • to think about something
        • to damage something very badly
        • to tell someone what to do

      • already
        • very simple
        • before a certain time
        • not made up
        • more than is needed

      • achieve
        • to think about something
        • to get something
        • to tell someone what to do
        • to break into pieces

    • Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the word bank.


      meat       ○      war       ○      serve       ○      regard       ○      destroy
      • Chicken, pork, and beef are all kinds of

        • Many teachers their students as smart kids.

          • It is sad when two countries start a with each other.

            • Don’t drop the glass bowl. You will it.

              • Restaurants often tea and coffee with breakfast.

              • Choose if the bolded word makes or doesn’t make sense in a sentence.
                • Many people like making new types of vegetables.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • If a toy is worth $1, it costs $1.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • People entertain others to make them sad.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • If a man has extra socks, he does not have enough.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • When you advise your friend, you tell him what to do.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • A real story never happened.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • It is not smart to lie to your parents.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • If a woman considers leaving, she doesn’t want to go.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • If a boy considers studying, he is thinking about doing it.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • People believe others who lie often.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • When a teacher advises her students, she asks them what they want to do.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • A basic tool has many parts.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • A basic answer is a simple one.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • Anyone can pet a real dog.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • If a girl brings extra paper, she has more than she needs.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • A bit of paper is a small piece.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • If a bike is worth $50, it costs much less.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • A bit of food is a lot of it.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • When you eat vegetables, you are eating plants.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • Some people entertain others by telling funny stories.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

              • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.

                The Seven Cities of Gold

                Many years ago, a Spanish officer named Coronado heard the story of seven great cities. “The walls of these cities are made of gold,” his friends told him. “The people eat meat from golden plates and dress in nice clothes,” they said. They called these cities the Seven Cities of Gold. Were the cities real? Coronado never considered asking his friends.

                Coronado thought to himself, “The things in these cities must be worth a lot of money.” So he went to find the Seven Cities of Gold. He took along three hundred men, many horses, and extra food. They headed west. Coronado wanted to achieve his goal very badly.

                Coronado and his men rode for many days. Then they saw some cities. “We found the Seven Cities of Gold!” his men yelled, but Coronado wasn’t happy. He had a different opinion. “These can’t be the Seven Cities of Gold,” he said. “Look, they’re made of dirt!”

                Coronado was right. The cities weren’t bright and golden. They were dirty and brown. The people didn’t eat meat from golden plates. They ate vegetables from regular bowls. They wore the most basic clothes. Coronado regarded the cities as ugly places.

                “What happened to the cities of gold?” he thought.

                “Did someone destroy them? Was there a war? Did someone already come and take the gold?”

                That night, the people of the cities entertained Coronado and his men and served them food. They advised Coronado to go home. “There is no gold here,” they told him. Coronado was angry. Did his friends lie to him?

                He left the next morning. He looked back at the cities one more time. The sun reflected light dirt houses. Coronado thought he saw a of gold. Were his friends right after all? “No,” he told himself. “It’s just the sun.” Then he turned away and went home.
                • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
                  • What did Coronado NOT consider asking his friends?
                    • If the people of the cities ate meat
                    • How much money the cities were worth
                    • If the Seven Cities of Gold were real
                    • How much extra food to take west

                  • What did the people of the cities advise Coronado to do?
                    • Talk about his opinion of the cities
                    • Eat basic vegetables
                    • Go home
                    • Regard the cities as dirty places

                  • What is this story about?
                    • People who entertain and serve
                    • An officer who looks for cities of gold
                    • A man who achieves his goal
                    • Men who destroy cities

                  • Why was Coronado unhappy when he saw the cities?
                    • He had already been to the cities.
                    • They were not made of gold.
                    • Someone destroyed them.
                    • They were at war with each other.

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