Jan 28, 2017

UNIT 25: Essential English Words (Book 1)

34 cards
, 81 answers
  • Learn the following target words.

    associate v.
    To associate means to connect something with a person or thing.
    Most people associate birthday parties with having fun.

    environment n.
    The environment is the place where people work or live.
    Keeping our environment clean is important to our health.

    factory n.
    A factory is a building where things are made or put together.
    We have only one factory in our town.

    feature n.
    A feature is an important part of something.
    The cell phone has many features.

    instance n.
    An instance is an example of something.
    I have never experienced an instance of hate. Have you?

    involve v.
    To involve means to be actively taking part in something.
    The whole family was involved in playing the game.

    medicine n.
    Medicine is something you take to feel better or treat an illness.
    The doctor gave me medicine for my cold.

    mix n.
    A mix is different things put together.
    The green mix we made in science class spilled onto the table.

    organize v.
    To organize is to plan or get ready for an event.
    Make a list to help you organize the things you need.

    period n.
    A period is an amount of time when something happens.
    In one period in Europe, there were many knights.

    populate v.
    If people populate an area, they live there.
    Billions of people populate the Earth.

    produce v.
    To produce something is to make or grow it.
    This tree produces apples every year.

    range n.
    A range is a number or a set of similar things.
    I saw a range of cars to choose from.

    recognize v.
    To recognize something is to know it because you have seen it before.
    I recognized an old friend from many years ago.

    regular adj.
    If something is regular, it happens often and in equal amounts of time.
    Our regular lunch time is around noon.

    sign n.
    A sign is a notice giving information, directions, a warning, etc.
    The sign indicated that today would be a bad day.

    tip n.
    A tip is a pointed end of something.
    The tip of his pen was very sharp.

    tradition n.
    A tradition is something people have been doing for a long time.
    Marriage is a tradition all over the world.

    trash n.
    Trash is waste material or unwanted or worthless things.
    Please take out the trash; it smells bad.

    wide adj.
    If something is wide, it is large from side to side.
    The door was as wide as my arms.
    • Choose the right word for the given definition.
      • to be an important part of
        • involve
        • medicine
        • organize
        • sign

      • the sharp end of a stick
        • tip
        • environment
        • instance
        • regular

      • to remember someone or something
        • populate
        • range
        • mix
        • recognize

      • to make or create
        • produce
        • associate
        • feature
        • tradition

      • large from side to side
        • produce
        • wide
        • factory
        • period

    • Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the word bank.


      produce       ○      sign       ○      populate       ○      period       ○      range
      • Give me a if you need help.

        • I offered her a of choices from one to ten.

          • This will last for one hour.

            • How many people this area?

              • Large companies can many products.

              • Choose if the bolded word makes or doesn’t make sense in a sentence.
                • Don’t forget to organize a meeting for next week.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • The clothing store had a sale on medicine.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • He had no period to work.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • I have a regular schedule. It doesn’t change.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • The garbage truck came and produced some sunshine.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • We ate chicken once, so now it is a tradition.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • An instance of kindness is sharing food.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • A feature of this computer is its small size.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • Blue is a range of color.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • The tree is very wide because it is small.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • We put the trash outside so it could be taken away.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • I associate dogs with good pets.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • Our environment has many plants and animals.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • Doing a book report involves reading.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • The sign was open all evening.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

                • We populate over the ocean.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • He went to the tip of the school.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • You recognize someone whom you have already met.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • When you mix things, you take them somewhere.
                  • makes sense
                  • doesn’t make sense

                • They make toys in a toy factory.
                  • doesn’t make sense
                  • makes sense

              • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.

                Joe’s Pond

                Joe made the world a better place. He got the idea to do that at school. He watched a video there. It was about a factory. This factory produced a lot of trash and put it in a river. The trash and water were a bad mix. People populated the area by the river and drank its water. This made them sick. Many of them needed medicine and made regular visits to doctors.

                But the video wasn’t all bad news. It showed ways to pick up trash and why it’s important to do this. It said people can make a difference to their environment. The video’s important features made Joe associate trash with hurting people.

                One day Joe walked through a park. He recognized some of the problems from the video. One instance of these problems was the trash in the pond. It was full of plastic cups. There was too much trash. Joe didn’t want it to hurt anyone.

                He told his grandfather about the park. His grandfather said, “You know, it’s a tradition in our family to help people. That’s why we give food to poor people. Maybe you can help people by cleaning the park.”

                Cleaning the park would involve hard work. Joe decided to organize a group to help him. He chose a wide area of the park. It had the most trash. He asked his family and friends to come. On Saturday, he gave everyone a sharp stick. They wondered why. He said, “You use the stick’s tip to pick up trash. This makes it easier.” They worked for six weeks. Different people helped each time, but Joe was always there.

                In that period of time, Joe saw a range of results. There was no trash in the water. People could swim in it. Joe knew that was a good sign. He was happy because he helped his environment.
                • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
                  • Why did the people in the video get sick?
                    • A factory put trash in a river.
                    • They had no medicine for a long period.
                    • They produced too much trash.
                    • They populated too many parks.

                  • What is the main idea of this story?
                    • An instance of videos helping students study
                    • How to recognize signs of sickness
                    • A grandfather teaching traditions
                    • A boy helping the environment

                  • Why was it easy to pick up the trash?
                    • They used the tips of sharp sticks.
                    • The people had a good mix of tools to use.
                    • Joe did not organize the group.
                    • It did not involve hard work.

                  • When did the boy decide to clean the park?
                    • After he saw a video about a factory harming a river with its trash
                    • After he associated trash with harming people
                    • After he went there on regular visits
                    • After he saw a range of people cleaning it

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