May 6, 2017

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear

66 cards
    • What are the 5 levels of MOPP?
       . . . 
      MOOP 0 — used during periods of increased alert when the enemy has CB employment capability but there is no indication of use in the immediate future.
      Available for immediate donning:
      IPE
      Field gear
      Available:
      IPE issued and serviceable
      Protective mask filter/hood installed
      When used:
      CB threat
      Pre-attack

      MOOP 1 — generally used when a chemical, and/or biological attack in theater is possible.
      Worn:
      Overgarment
      Field gear
      Carried:
      Footwear covers
      Mask
      Gloves
      When used:
      CB threat
      Pre-attack

      MOOP 2 — generally used when a chemical, and/or biological attack in theater is likely.
      Worn:
      Overgarment
      Field gear
      Footwear
      Carried:
      Mask
      Gloves
      When used:
      CB threat
      Pre-attack

      MOOP 3 — generally used in areas with no contact hazard or operationally significant percutaneous vapor hazard.
      Worn:
      Overgarment
      Mask and hood
      Field gear
      Overboots
      Carried:
      Gloves
      When used:
      CB threat
      Pre-attack

      MOOP 4 — used when the highest degree of CB protection is required, or when CB agents are present, but the actual hazard has not been determined.
      Worn:
      Overgarment
      Mask and hood
      Field gear
      Overboots
      Gloves
      Carried:
      n/a
      When used:
      CB threat
      During attack
      During and postattack
      (FM 3-11.4 June 2003 / Chapter 4 / PDF 77)

      • What does JSLIST stand for?
         . . . 
        Joint Service Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology.
        (FM 3-11 Mar 2003 / Glossary / PDF 203)

        • What does MOPP stand for?
           . . . 
          Mission Oriented Protective Posture.
          (FM 3-11 Mar 2003 / Glossary / PDF 204)

          • When under an NBC attack, when do you give warning?
             . . . 
            After you mask.
            (FM 3-11.3 Feb 2006 / Appendix E / PDF 138)

            • What are the proper masking procedures?
               . . . 
              Stop breathing and close your eyes.
              Don protective mask.
              Clear mask.
              Check the seal of the mask.
              Sound the alarm to alert others.
              Continue the mission.

              • What does CBRN stand for?
                 . . . 
                Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear.

                • NBC hazards are classified into two types, what are they?
                   . . . 
                  1. Immediate hazards — produce casualties immediately after attack.
                  2. Residual hazards — delayed effects.

                  • What will replace the Nerve Agent Antidote Kit (NAAK) based on shelf life expiration dates?
                     . . . 
                    The Antidote Treatment, Nerve Agent Auto injector (ATNAA).
                    (FM 3-11.4 June 2003 / App. A / PDF 127)

                    • What is the number of Antidote Treatment Nerve Agent Autoinjector (ATNAA) that must be given as immediate first aid treatment for nerve agent poisoning?
                       . . . 
                      3.
                      (FM 3-11.4 June 2003 / App. A / PDF 127)

                      • What is the number of Nerve Agent Antidote Kits (NAAK) that must be given as immediate first aid treatment for nerve agent poisoning?
                         . . . 
                        3.
                        (FM 3-11.4 June 2003 / App. A / PDF 126)

                        • Alarms and signals convey warnings of NBC contamination. Units use easily recognizable and reliable alarm methods to respond quickly and correctly to NBC hazards. What are three types of alarms and signals?
                           . . . 
                          1. Audible Alarms.
                          2. Automatic Alarms.
                          3. Visual Signals.
                          (FM 3-11 Mar 2003 / Chapter 2 / PDF 35)

                          • What Field Manual covers NBC Operations?
                             . . . 
                            FM 3-11.

                            • What Field Manual covers NBC Protection?
                               . . . 
                              FM 3-11.4.

                              • What Field Manual covers NBC Decontamination?
                                 . . . 
                                FM 3-5.

                                • What is FM 3-7?
                                   . . . 
                                  NBC Handbook.

                                  • What forms do Chemical Agents come in?
                                     . . . 
                                    Vapors.
                                    Solids.
                                    Liquids.
                                    Gases.
                                    (FM 3-11.4 June 2003 / Chapter 2 / PDF 47)

                                    • Soldiers in MOPP 4 may lose how much water per hour through perspiration?
                                       . . . 
                                      1 quart or more.

                                      • When fitting the protective mask, in what sequence should the straps be tightened?
                                         . . . 
                                        1. Forehead straps.
                                        2. Cheek straps.
                                        3. Temple straps.

                                        • Which of the NBC reports is most widely used?
                                           . . . 
                                          NBC 1.

                                          • What are the three types of procedures for MOPP gear exchange?
                                             . . . 
                                            1. Buddy Team.
                                            2. Triple Buddy.
                                            3. Individual.
                                            (FM 3-11.5 April 2006 / Chapter 4 / PDF 50)

                                            • What are three fundamentals of NBC defense?
                                               . . . 
                                              1. Avoid contamination.
                                              2. Protection.
                                              3. Decontamination.

                                              • How long should you apply pressure when using the Auto injector?
                                                 . . . 
                                                10 seconds.

                                                • What do you do with the Auto injector after injecting?
                                                   . . . 
                                                  Stick it through the pocket flap (upper left) so that you do not lose count and so that someone that happens to come across the casualty will know that they have already been given X amount of injections and will not give them more than needed.

                                                  • The protective mask will not protect against what two types of gases?
                                                     . . . 
                                                    1. Ammonia vapors.
                                                    2. Carbon monoxide.
                                                    (FM 3-11.4 June 2003 / Chapter 6 / PDF 96)

                                                    • When giving Buddy Aid, whose auto injectors would you use?
                                                       . . . 
                                                      The other person (the person’s auto injectors that is receiving the medication).

                                                      • When giving Buddy Aid, how long should you wait if still experiencing the symptoms of Nerve agent, to administer a second nerve agent antidote (MK1)?
                                                         . . . 
                                                        Immediately give the second and third.

                                                        • When giving Self Aid, how long should you wait if still experiencing the symptoms of a Nerve Agent before administering a second MK1?
                                                           . . . 
                                                          Wait 10 to 15 minutes. (Also wait 10 to 15 minutes between 2nd and 3rd.)

                                                          • Once a unit has masked, who can make the decision to unmask?
                                                             . . . 
                                                            The unit commander.
                                                            (FM 3-11.4 June 2003 / Chapter 2 / PDF 47)

                                                            • What is the shape of the contamination markers?
                                                               . . . 
                                                              Triangle.

                                                              • What type of attack does an M22 ACADA alarm warn you of?
                                                                 . . . 
                                                                Chemical. (ACADA — Automatic Chemical Agent Detection Alarm.)
                                                                (FM 3-11 Mar 2003 / Glossary / PDF 199)

                                                                • What are the three levels of Decontamination?
                                                                   . . . 
                                                                  1. Immediate.
                                                                  2. Operational.
                                                                  3. Thorough.
                                                                  (FM 3-11 Mar 2003 / Chapter 2 / PDF 42)

                                                                  • How often should you check your protective mask during peacetime?
                                                                     . . . 
                                                                    Before, during and after training events, monthly, and semi-annually. (TM 3-4240-339-10 and 20&P manuals) The minimum is MONTHLY.

                                                                    • What are the dimensions of an NBC marker?
                                                                       . . . 
                                                                      11 ½ inches on the top by 8 inches on either side.

                                                                      • What are the nine mild symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
                                                                         . . . 
                                                                        1. Unexplained runny nose.
                                                                        2. Unexplained headache.
                                                                        3. Sudden drooling.
                                                                        4. Difficulty seeing (dimness of vision and miosis).
                                                                        5. Tightness in the chest or difficulty in breathing.
                                                                        6. Localized sweating and muscular twitching in the area of contaminated skin.
                                                                        7. Stomach cramps.
                                                                        8. Nausea.
                                                                        9. Tachycardia followed by bradycardia. (Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeat with a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute. Bradycardia is a slow heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute).
                                                                        (FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 7-7 / PDF 151)

                                                                        • What are the eleven severe symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
                                                                           . . . 
                                                                          1. Strange or confused behavior.
                                                                          2. Wheezing, dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), and coughing.
                                                                          3. Severely pinpointed pupils.
                                                                          4. Red eyes with tearing.
                                                                          5. Vomiting.
                                                                          6. Severe muscular twitching and general weakness.
                                                                          7. Involuntary urination and defecation.
                                                                          8. Convulsions.
                                                                          9. Unconsciousness.
                                                                          10. Respiratory failure.
                                                                          11. Bradycardia.
                                                                          (FM 4-25.11 Dec 2002 / 7-7 / PDF 151)

                                                                          • When crossing a contaminated area, what two things should you avoid doing?
                                                                             . . . 
                                                                            1. Stirring up dust.
                                                                            2. Touching anything.

                                                                            • Of these three—Nerve, Blood, and Blister agents—which causes the most casualties?
                                                                               . . . 
                                                                              Nerve agents.

                                                                              • How should an area that is suspected of contamination be crossed?
                                                                                 . . . 
                                                                                Quickly, avoiding depressions and vegetation.

                                                                                • What are the three effects of a nuclear explosion?
                                                                                   . . . 
                                                                                  1. Blast.
                                                                                  2. Heat.
                                                                                  3. Radiation.

                                                                                  • What is the color of a Nuclear (radiological) contamination marker?
                                                                                     . . . 
                                                                                    White background with “ATOM” in black letters.

                                                                                    • What is the current U.S. policy regarding the use of Nuclear assets?
                                                                                       . . . 
                                                                                      Last Resort. (will use first only if necessary).

                                                                                      • What are Flash Burns?
                                                                                         . . . 
                                                                                        Direct burns produced by the flash of thermal radiation from the fireball.

                                                                                        • What causes the most casualties in a nuclear attack?
                                                                                           . . . 
                                                                                          The initial blast and the heat of detonation.

                                                                                          • What is the difference between Dose Rate and Total Dose?
                                                                                             . . . 
                                                                                            Dose Rate — the amount of radiation per hour.
                                                                                            Total Dose — the actual accumulation.

                                                                                            • Who has the authority to order the use of nuclear weapons?
                                                                                               . . . 
                                                                                              Only the President of the U.S.

                                                                                              • What are the three types of nuclear bursts?
                                                                                                 . . . 
                                                                                                1. Air.
                                                                                                2. Ground.
                                                                                                3. Subsurface.

                                                                                                • What does an AN VDR-2 detect and measure?
                                                                                                   . . . 
                                                                                                  Nuclear radiation from fallout and radioisotopes.
                                                                                                  (FM 3-11.4 June 2003 / Appendix A / PDF 130)

                                                                                                  • An NBC-1 report is used to determine what?
                                                                                                     . . . 
                                                                                                    The initial detection of NBC weapons usage by the enemy.

                                                                                                    • What FM covers Nuclear Contamination Avoidance?
                                                                                                       . . . 
                                                                                                      FM 3-11.3.

                                                                                                      • For maximum radiation effect, which nuclear burst would you use?
                                                                                                         . . . 
                                                                                                        Air burst.

                                                                                                        • What is the best way to protect against Biological agents?
                                                                                                           . . . 
                                                                                                          Personal hygiene.
                                                                                                          (FM 3-11.4 June 2003 / Chapter 2 / PDF 44)

                                                                                                          • What is a vector?
                                                                                                             . . . 
                                                                                                            Any living organism (fleas, ticks, lice, mosquitoes etc.) used to disseminate biological agents.

                                                                                                            • What is the current U.S. policy regarding the use of Biological assets?
                                                                                                               . . . 
                                                                                                              No use.

                                                                                                              • What is meant by Biological Warfare?
                                                                                                                 . . . 
                                                                                                                The intentional use by an enemy, of germs or toxins, to cause death and disease among personnel, animals, plants, or more rarely, to deteriorate material.

                                                                                                                • What is the color of a Biological contamination marker?
                                                                                                                   . . . 
                                                                                                                  Blue background with “BIO” in red letters.

                                                                                                                  • What does FM 3-3 cover?
                                                                                                                     . . . 
                                                                                                                    Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Contamination Avoidance.

                                                                                                                    • What are the four types of microorganisms found in Biological agents?
                                                                                                                       . . . 
                                                                                                                      1. Bacteria.
                                                                                                                      2. Fungi.
                                                                                                                      3. Rickettsiae.
                                                                                                                      4. Viruses.

                                                                                                                      • What is the best decontamination for Biological agents?
                                                                                                                         . . . 
                                                                                                                        Warm soapy water.
                                                                                                                        (FM 3-11.5 April 2006 / Appendix E / PDF 254)

                                                                                                                        • Where would a biological attack be most effective?
                                                                                                                           . . . 
                                                                                                                          Cities.
                                                                                                                          Large troop concentrations.
                                                                                                                          Animals.
                                                                                                                          Vegetable crops.

                                                                                                                          • How may Chemical Agents be deployed?
                                                                                                                             . . . 
                                                                                                                            Arterial spray.
                                                                                                                            Artillery bombs.
                                                                                                                            Individuals (pollution of water, food and supplies).
                                                                                                                            Mines.
                                                                                                                            Rockets.

                                                                                                                            • What are the most effective times to use chemical agents?
                                                                                                                               . . . 
                                                                                                                              Evening and early morning. (The lack of wind and sun allows the agents to persist.)

                                                                                                                              • Chemical agents are classified by the U.S. into three categories, name them.
                                                                                                                                 . . . 
                                                                                                                                1. Persistent.
                                                                                                                                2. Non-Persistent.
                                                                                                                                3. Dusty.

                                                                                                                                • What is the current U.S. policy regarding the use of Chemical assets?
                                                                                                                                   . . . 
                                                                                                                                  No first use.

                                                                                                                                  • What is the color of the Chemical contamination marker?
                                                                                                                                     . . . 
                                                                                                                                    Yellow with “GAS” in red letters.

                                                                                                                                    • What are the four types of Chemical agents?
                                                                                                                                       . . . 
                                                                                                                                      1. Nerve.
                                                                                                                                      2. Blister.
                                                                                                                                      3. Blood.
                                                                                                                                      4. Choking.

                                                                                                                                      • What decontamination equipment is available for chemical agents?
                                                                                                                                         . . . 
                                                                                                                                        • M291 SDK — to decontaminate your skin completely, through physical removal, absorption, and neutralization of toxic agents without long-term effects.
                                                                                                                                        • M295 IEDK — to decontaminate your chemical protective gloves, mask, hood, overboots, LCE, and weapon.
                                                                                                                                        • M100 SDS — to perform immediate decontamination of equipment, vehicles, and crew-served weapons.
                                                                                                                                        • FSDS — to perform fixed-site and terrain decontamination. To perform operational and thorough decontamination of vehicles and equipment.
                                                                                                                                        • M12A1 PDDA — to spray decontaminating agents, STB slurries and solutions, and hot, soapy water rinses during field decontamination operations. To pump water or foam to fight fires, deice items, wash vehicles, and pump various fluids.
                                                                                                                                        • M17 LDS — to perform operational and thorough decontamination of vehicles and equipment. To provide troop showers, as necessary.
                                                                                                                                        • MPDS — to perform operational and thorough decontamination of vehicles and equipment.
                                                                                                                                        (FM 3-11.5 April 2006 / Appendix H / PDF285)

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