May 6, 2017

Field Sanitation

27 cards
    • What are the four types of waste?
       . . . 
      1. Human.
      2. Liquid.
      3. Garbage.
      4. Rubbish.

      • What is the water requirement per person, per day in a temperate zone?
         . . . 
        5 gallons.

        • A latrine can be no closer than what distance to a water source?
           . . . 
          100 feet.

          • What is Potable water?
             . . . 
            Water that is safe to drink.

            • What are the measurements of a straddle trench?
               . . . 
              1-foot wide, 4-foot long and 2 ½-foot deep.

              • How many gallons of water will a Lister bag hold?
                 . . . 
                36 gallons.

                • How deep is a cat hole?
                   . . . 
                  6 to 12 inches.

                  • What is a communicable disease?
                     . . . 
                    A disease that ca be transmitted person to person, animal to person and insect to person.

                    • What are the five “F” of Field Sanitation?
                       . . . 
                      1. Fingers.
                      2. Feces.
                      3. Flies.
                      4. Foods.
                      5. Fluids.

                      • What is the best protection against disease or biological warfare?
                         . . . 
                        Immunization.
                        Personal hygiene.

                        • What Field Manual covers Unit Field Sanitation Team?
                           . . . 
                          FM 4-25.12.

                          • What Field Manual covers Field Hygiene and Sanitation?
                             . . . 
                            FM 21-10.

                            • What is Field Sanitation?
                               . . . 
                              The use of measures to create and maintain healthful environmental conditions, these include safeguarding food, safeguarding water, and controlling disease bearing insects and rodents.

                              • What is a vector?
                                 . . . 
                                Any living organism (fleas, ticks, lice, mosquitoes etc.) used to disseminate biological agents.

                                • What is palatable water?
                                   . . . 
                                  Water that is pleasing to the taste, but which may be unsafe.

                                  • What are the five communicable disease grouped by the Army?
                                     . . . 
                                    1. Respiratory.
                                    2. Intestinal.
                                    3. Insect borne.
                                    4. Venereal.
                                    5. Miscellaneous.

                                    • What are some diseases carried by the fly?
                                       . . . 
                                      Typhoid.
                                      Cholera.
                                      Dysentery.

                                      • What three rules apply to water discipline in the field?
                                         . . . 
                                        1. Drink only from approved sources.
                                        2. Conserve water.
                                        3. Do not contaminate your sources.

                                        • What are the three most common poison plants?
                                           . . . 
                                          1. Poison ivy.
                                          2. Poison oak.
                                          3. Poison sumac.

                                          • Where should the latrine be located in relation to the mess hall?
                                             . . . 
                                            At least 100 meters downhill or downstream.

                                            • What are some of the diseases carried by the mosquito?
                                               . . . 
                                              Malaria.
                                              Dengue.
                                              Yellow fever.
                                              Encephalitis.
                                              Filariasis.

                                              • What are some methods for human waste disposal?
                                                 . . . 
                                                Straddle trench.
                                                Mound latrine.
                                                Burn out latrine.
                                                Deep pit.
                                                Bore hole latrines.
                                                Pail latrines.
                                                Urine soak pits.

                                                • How far should garbage pits be located away from the mess area?
                                                   . . . 
                                                  30 yards and no closer than 100 feet from any water sources.

                                                  • Enough straddle trenches should be dug to accommodate what percentage of the unit at one time?
                                                     . . . 
                                                    8 percent.

                                                    • Water that is not properly treated can spread what diseases?
                                                       . . . 
                                                      Common diarrhea.
                                                      Leptospirosis.
                                                      Cholera.
                                                      Dysentery.
                                                      Bacillary.
                                                      Typhoid.
                                                      Paratyphoid fever.

                                                      • What are two ways to purify water?
                                                         . . . 
                                                        1. Iodine tablets.
                                                        2. Boiling.

                                                        • Who gives the final approval on whether water is safe to drink?
                                                           . . . 
                                                          Medical personnel.

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