Oct 28, 2017

TOEFL vocabulary: Dearth-Document (Part I) 4 of 7

25 cards

    • 95. Dearth
      D. E. A. R. T. H. — Lack. Scarcity. Shortage.
      The antonym for dearth is abundance.
      For example.
      ⇢      The dearth of water makes life in the desert difficult for the animals.

      • 96. Debacle
        D. E. B. A. C. L. E. — Disaster. Defeat. Failure.
        An antonym for debacle is success.
        The following sentence illustrates its usage.
        ⇢      The public relations debacle cost him his job.

        • 97. Deceased
          D. E. C. E. A. S. E. D. — Dead.
          The antonym for deceased is alive.
          Listen to its usage in this sentence.
          ⇢      She found out her long-lost friend was now deceased.

          • 98. Deceive
            D. E. C. E. I. V. E. — Mislead. Trick. Defraud.
            Note how the word is used in this sentence.
            ⇢      The con artist made his money by deceiving many rich people.

            • 99. Decorate
              D. E. C. O. R. A. T. E. — Adorn. Embellish.
              For example.
              ⇢      The baker decorated the cake with tiny flowers.

              • 100. Deduce
                D. E. D. U. C. E. — Infer. Realize.
                Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                ⇢      The detective deduced who the killer was by looking at the clues.

                • 101. Deduct
                  D. E. D. U. C. T. — Subtract. Take away.
                  The antonym for deduct is bad.
                  Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                  ⇢      The employer will deduct taxes from your paycheck.

                  • 102. Deleterious
                    D. E. L. E. T. E. R. I. O. U. S. — Harmful. Toxic.
                    The antonym for deleterious is harmless.
                    Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                    ⇢      The deleterious influence of evil people led to the downfall of humanity.

                    • 103. Delirious
                      D. E. L. I. R. I. O. U. S. — [Related?]. Ecstatic.
                      The antonym for delirious is dejected.
                      The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                      ⇢      She was deliriously happy when she got engaged.

                      • 104. Deluge
                        D. E. L. U. G. E. — Flood. Inundation.
                        The antonym for deluge is drought.
                        For example.
                        ⇢      The roadway was deluged with water so we were unable to pass.

                        • 105. Depict
                          D. E. P. I. C. T. — Show. Illustrate.
                          Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                          ⇢      That president is always depicted with a large nose in the political cartoons.

                          • 106. Desecrate
                            D. E. S. E. C. R. A. T. E. — Defile. Blaspheme.
                            The antonym for desecrate is consecrate.
                            The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                            ⇢      The rabbi was sad when he saw his temple had been desecrated.

                            • 107. Despise
                              D. E. S. P. I. S. E. — Loathe. Hate.
                              The antonym for despise is admire.
                              For example.
                              ⇢      The storekeeper despises shoplifters and [lawyers?].

                              • 108. Dexterous
                                D. E. X. T. E. R. O. U. S. — Skilled with one’s hands. Nimble.
                                Dexterous is the opposite of awkward.
                                Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                ⇢      His dexterous hands made him well suited for piano playing.

                                • 109. Diagnosis
                                  D. I. A. G. N. O. S. I. S. — Analysis. Identification.
                                  For example.
                                  ⇢      The doctor examined me and then gave me her diagnosis.

                                  • 110. Dictate
                                    D. I. C. T. A. T. E. — To determine. To influence.
                                    Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                    ⇢      The market conditions will dictate how much I am willing to invest.

                                    • 111. Didactic
                                      D. I. D. A. C. T. I. C. — Moralizing. Direct.
                                      Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                      ⇢      Fables are an example of a didactic story.

                                      • 112. Diffident
                                        D. I. F. F. I. D. E. N. T. — Shy. Hesitant.
                                        The antonym for diffident is brash.
                                        The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                        ⇢      Her diffident nature made her hate going to parties.

                                        • 113. Dignity
                                          D. I. G. N. I. T. Y. — Nobility. Worth. Goodness.
                                          Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                          ⇢      The First Lady always conducted herself with dignity and grace.

                                          • 114. Dilate
                                            D. I. L. A. T. E. — Expand. Widen.
                                            An antonym for dilate is contract or shrink.
                                            Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                            ⇢      The eye doctor dilated her pupils so he could examine her eyes.

                                            • 115. Discourse
                                              D. I. S. C. O. U. R. S. E. — A conversation. Dialogue.
                                              Listen to how the word is used in the sentence.
                                              ⇢      The discourse between the two opponents became heated.

                                              • 116. Docile
                                                D. O. C. I. L. E. — Tame. Passive.
                                                The antonym for docile is wild.
                                                For example.
                                                ⇢      The [phone?] was so docile that it let me pet it.

                                                • 117. Doctrine
                                                  D. O. C. T. R. I. N. E. — Policy. Guidelines.
                                                  The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                  ⇢      Their society has been shaped by the teachings of religious doctrine.

                                                  • 118. Dogma
                                                    D. O. G. M. A. — Belief system. Doctrine.
                                                    Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                    ⇢      The dogma associated with that religion is very extreme.

                                                    • 119. Document
                                                      D. O. C. U. M. E. N. T. — An official paper.
                                                      For example.
                                                      ⇢      You must have your documents in order when you travel.

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