Oct 28, 2017

TOEFL vocabulary: Cajole-Course (Part I) 3 of 7

47 cards


    • 48. Cajole
      C. A. J. O. L. E. — [Cokes?]. Entice.
      The next sentence illustrates its usage.
      ⇢      She was able to cajole him into helping her move.

      • 49. Caliber
        C. A. L. I. B. E. R. — Quality. Ability.
        Note how the word is used in this sentence.
        ⇢      The construction work is of the very highest caliber.

        • 50. Callous
          C. A. L. L. O. U. S. — Heartless. Unfeeling.
          The antonym for callous is warmhearted.
          Listen to its usage in this sentence.
          ⇢      The teacher is very sensitive. The principal is rather callous.

          • 51. Camouflage
            C. A. M. O. U. F. L. A. G. E. — To disguise. Hide.
            The opposite of camouflage is to reveal.
            Note how the verb is used in the following sentence.
            ⇢      The white of their fur camouflages the polar bear in the snow.

            • 52. Candid
              C. A. N. D. I. D. — Frank. Honest.
              The antonym for candid is guarded.
              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
              ⇢      The coach spoke candidly with the athlete about his mistakes.

              • 53. Capable
                C. A. P. A. B. L. E. — Able or competent.
                The antonym for capable is incapable.
                For example.
                ⇢      If you believe in yourself you are capable of accomplishing anything.

                • 54. Capacious
                  C. A. P. A. C. I. O. U. S. — Spacious. Roomy.
                  The antonym for capacious is cramped.
                  Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                  ⇢      The capacious ballroom was perfect for their large wedding.

                  • 55. Capricious
                    C. A. P. R. I. C. I. O. U. S. — Impulsive. Whimsical. The opposite of capricious is predictable.
                    The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                    ⇢      Her capricious attitude kept her from finding a stable job.

                    • 56. Captive
                      C. A. P. T. I. V. E. — Imprisoned. Confined.
                      The antonym for captive is free.
                      Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                      ⇢      The terrorists held the passengers captive on the train.

                      • 57. Captivate
                        C. A. P. T. I. V. A. T. E. — Enthrall. Fascinate.
                        The opposite of captivate is to bore.
                        For example.
                        ⇢      The magician captivated the audience with his amazing tricks but the clown board them.

                        • 58. Cardinal
                          C. A. R. D. I. N. A. L. — Basic. Essential.
                          The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                          The cardinal rule in her house is to always be polite.

                          • 59. Cascade
                            C. A. S. C. A. D. E. — Hang. Flow.
                            Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                            ⇢      Her long hair cascaded down her back.

                            • 60. Cataclysm
                              C. A. T. A. C. L. Y. S. M. — Disaster. Catastrophe.
                              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                              ⇢      The tsunami was a terrible cataclysm that affected thousands of people.

                              • 61. Categorize
                                C. A. T. E. G. O. R. I. Z. E. — Classify. Label.
                                For example.
                                ⇢      Students are categorized as beginner, intermediate or advanced.

                                • 62. Catharsis
                                  C. N. A. T. H. A. R. S. I. S. — Emotional release. Purification. Purging.
                                  The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                  ⇢      Listening to a sad song and crying out loud provides catharsis.

                                  • 63. Caustic
                                    C. A. U. S. T. I. C. — Sarcastic. Harsh. Scathing.
                                    Caustic means the opposite of mild.
                                    Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                    ⇢      Your caustic remarks hurt my feelings.

                                    • 64. Cavalier
                                      C. A. V. A. L. I. E. R. — Careless. Offhand. Casual.
                                      The antonym for cavalier is considerate.
                                      Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                      ⇢      His cavalier attitude is going to get him into trouble.

                                      • 65. Chronic
                                        C. H. R. O. N. I. C. — Ongoing. Constant.
                                        An antonym for chronic is acute.
                                        For example.
                                        ⇢      There are two types of back pain. Chronic pain lasts for years and acute pain comes on suddenly.

                                        • 66. Chronicle
                                          C. H. R. O. N. I. C. L. E. — To report or record.
                                          Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                          ⇢      The writer chronicled her journey from Russia to the United States.

                                          • 67. Chronological
                                            C. H. R. O. N. O. L. O. G. I. C. A. L. — Sequential. Arranged in time order.
                                            Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                            ⇢      The chapters are arranged chronologically beginning with ancient times and leading up to the present day.

                                            • 68. Clamor
                                              C. L. A. M. O. R. — Demand noisily.
                                              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                              ⇢      The citizens clamored for the attention of their leaders.

                                              • 69. Clandestine
                                                C. L. A. N. D. E. S. T. I. N. E. — Secret. Furtive.
                                                An antonym for clandestine is open.
                                                Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                ⇢      They had a clandestine love affair that they hid from their spouses.

                                                • 70. Cognizant
                                                  C. O. G. N. I. C. A. N. T. — Aware of. Mindful.
                                                  The antonym for cognizant is unaware.
                                                  For example.
                                                  ⇢      The counselor told the man that it is important to be cognizant of his true motives.

                                                  • 71. Commemorate
                                                    C. O. M. M. E. M. O. R. A. T. E. — Honor. Celebrate.
                                                    The opposite of commemorate is to ignore.
                                                    Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                    ⇢      Thanksgiving is a holiday that commemorates the arrival of the pilgrims.

                                                    • 72. Compatible
                                                      C. O. M. P. A. T. I. B. L. E. — Matching. Harmonious.
                                                      The antonym for compatible is incompatible.
                                                      Not the usage in the sentence.
                                                      ⇢      Freedom of speech is incompatible with censorship.

                                                      • 73. Concede
                                                        C. O. N. C. E. D. E. — Give in. Forfeit.
                                                        Concede is the opposite of maintain.
                                                        For example.
                                                        ⇢      He conceded that he made a mistake.

                                                        • 74. Concept
                                                          C. O. N. C. E. P. T. — Idea. Theory.
                                                          The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                          ⇢      The concept of equality is important in our society.

                                                          • 75. Condescend
                                                            C. O. N. D E. S. C. E. N. D. — Look down upon. Patronize.
                                                            Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                            ⇢      The judge did not like the lawyers condescending tone.

                                                            • 76. Condition
                                                              C. O. N. D. I. T. I. O. N. — Train. Get used to.
                                                              For example.
                                                              ⇢      The dogs have been conditioned to eat their dinner at 8:00 PM.

                                                              • 77. Condone
                                                                C. O. N. D. O. N. E. Allow. — Pardon.
                                                                The antonym of condone is to disallow or prohibit.
                                                                The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                ⇢      I will not condone such offensive remarks.

                                                                • 78. Conduct
                                                                  C. O. N. D. U. C. T. — Behavior. Manner.
                                                                  For example.
                                                                  ⇢      The employee’s conduct was inappropriate.

                                                                  • 79. Confide
                                                                    C. O. N. F. I. D. E. — Disclose. Confess.
                                                                    Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                    ⇢      Good friends are easy to confide in.

                                                                    • 80. Conjugal
                                                                      C. O. N. J. U. G. A. L. — Marital. Matrimonial.
                                                                      Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                            Conjugal visits are allowed between prisoners and their spouses.

                                                                      • 81. Conscious
                                                                        C. O. N. S. C. I. O. U. S. — Deliberate. Intentional.
                                                                        For example.
                                                                        ⇢      You must make a conscious effort to improve your health.

                                                                        • 82. Consecutive
                                                                          C. O. N. S. E. C. U. T. I. V. E. — Directly following. Successive.
                                                                          The antonym for consecutive is alternate.
                                                                          Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                          ⇢      You must take these classes in consecutive order.

                                                                          • 83. Constrict
                                                                            C. O. N. S. T. R. I. C. T. — Tighten. Compress.
                                                                            The antonym for constrict is loosen.
                                                                            Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                            ⇢      The corset constricted the woman’s breathing.

                                                                            • 84. Content
                                                                              C. O. N. T. E. N. T. — To assert. Argue.
                                                                              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                              ⇢      The researcher contents that smoking causes cancer.

                                                                              • 85. Contiguous
                                                                                C. O. N. T. I. G. U. O. U. S. — Adjoining. Adjacent.
                                                                                An antonym for contiguous is distant.
                                                                                For example.
                                                                                ⇢      The empty lot is contiguous to my backyard.

                                                                                • 86. Contingent
                                                                                  C. O. N. T. I. G. E. N. T. — Dependent upon. Contingent means the opposite of independent of.
                                                                                  The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                                  ⇢      The race is contingent upon an increase in your productivity.

                                                                                  • 87. Contort
                                                                                    C. O. N. T. O. R. T. Twist. — Bend.
                                                                                    Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                                    ⇢      The acrobat contorted himself into a pretzel shaped.

                                                                                    • 88. Convene
                                                                                      C. O. N. V. E. N. E. — Assemble. Call together.
                                                                                      The antonym for convene is despair.
                                                                                      For example.
                                                                                      ⇢      The meeting will convene at 3:00 PM.

                                                                                      • 89. Corporate
                                                                                        C. O. R. P. O. R. A. T. E. — An adjective meaning business. Company.
                                                                                        Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                                              Corporate sponsorship is common in professional sports.

                                                                                        • 90. Corpse
                                                                                          C. O. R. P. S. E. — Dead body. Cadaver.
                                                                                          Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                                          ⇢      The corpse was found buried in a garbage dump.

                                                                                          • 91. Corpulent
                                                                                            C. O. R. P. U. L. E. N. T. — Fat. Flashy.
                                                                                            The antonym of corpulent is slim.
                                                                                            The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                                            ⇢      Due to a steady diet of meat and ale the man had grown corpulent.

                                                                                            • 92. Corrupt
                                                                                              C. O. R. R. U. P. T. — Dishonest. Crooked. Fraudulent.
                                                                                              The antonym for corrupt is honest.
                                                                                              For example.
                                                                                              ⇢      The corrupt business leader was finally exposed.

                                                                                              • 93. Courier
                                                                                                C. O. U. R. I. E. R. — Messenger.
                                                                                                Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                                                ⇢      I will send the documents over by courier.

                                                                                                • 94. Course
                                                                                                  C. O. U. R. S. E. — Flow. Gush.
                                                                                                  Coursing is the opposite of trickling.
                                                                                                  Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                                                  ⇢      Desire coursed through his veins every time he saw her.

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