Oct 28, 2017

TOEFL vocabulary: Babble-Brevity (Part I) 2 of 7

23 cards

    • 25. Babble
      B. A. B. B. L. E. — To talk nonsense. Prattle.
      Listen to how the word is used in the following sentence.
      ⇢      The child babbled on about her day in kindergarten.

      • 26. Baffle
        B. A. F. F. L. E. — To confound. To confuse.
        Baffle is the opposite of clarify.
        For example.
        ⇢      Scientists were baffled by the unexpected discovery.

        • 27. Baleful
          B. A. L. E. F. U. L. — Threatening. Harmful.
          An antonym for baleful is inviting.
          Note how the word is used in the following sentence.
          ⇢      The dangerous criminal stared at her with baleful eyes.

          • 28. Balk
            B. A. L. K. — To stop short. To recoil.
            The antonym for balk is to charge ahead.
            Note how the word is used in the following sentence.
            ⇢      The horse balked at the finish line thereby losing the race.

            • 29. Banal
              B. A N. A. L. — Trite. Dull. Banal is the opposite of original.
              For example.
              ⇢      The banal speeches said nothing new.

              • 30. Barren
                B. A. R. R. E. N. — Infertile. Empty.
                Barron is the opposite of fertile.
                The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                ⇢      The fields were left barren during the winter.

                • 31. Barter
                  B. A. R. T. E. R. — To swap or exchange.
                  Note how the verb is used in the following sentence.
                  ⇢      It was common for people to barter for goods and services.

                  • 32. Bastion
                    B. A. S. T. I. O. N. — Stronghold. Fortress.
                    Listen to how the word is used in this sentence.
                    ⇢      Family is the last bastion of sanity in an insane world.

                    • 33. Beacon
                      B. E. A. C. O. N. — Inspiration. Encouragement.
                      The following sentence shows the word in context.
                      ⇢      The hero was the city’s last beacon of hope in the fight against the evil villain.

                      • 34. Beckon
                        B. E. C. K. O. N. — To signal. Simon.
                        Beckon is the opposite of dismiss.
                        For example.
                        ⇢      He beckoned her to come forward with a wave of his hand.

                        • 35. Belligerent
                          B. E. L. L. I. G. E. R. E. N. T. — Aggressive. Argumentative.
                          The antonym for belligerent is agreeable.
                          Listen to how the word is used in context.
                          ⇢      The belligerent man had to be removed by security.

                          • 36. Beneficiary
                            B. E. N. E. F. I. C. I. A. R. Y. — Receiver.
                            The antonym of beneficiary is benefactor or giver.
                            For example.
                            ⇢      She had no idea she would be the beneficiary of her grandmother’s fortune.

                            • 37. Benevolent
                              B. E. N. E. V. O. L. E. N. T. — Charitable. Giving.
                              Benevolent is the opposite of malevolent.
                              Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                              ⇢      Giving toys to children who can’t afford them is a benevolent act.

                              • 38. Benign
                                B. E. N. I. G. N. — Harmless.
                                The antonym for benign is malignant.
                                For example.
                                ⇢      The patient was relieved to find out the tumor was benign.

                                • 39. Bequeath
                                  B. E. Q. U. E. A. T. H. — Leave to. Hand down.
                                  An antonym for bequeath is to keep or withhold.
                                  Listen to the word in context.
                                  ⇢      The king bequeathed his entire kingdom to a poor and faithful servant.

                                  • 40. Biased
                                    B. I. A. S. E. D. — Prejudiced. Unfair.
                                    The opposite of biased is fair.
                                    Note how the word is used in the next sentence.
                                    ⇢      The S.A.T. is biased toward upper class students.

                                    • 41. Bibliography
                                      B. I. B. L. I. O. G. R. A. P. H. Y. — Book sources. Works cited.
                                      The next sentence illustrates usage.
                                      ⇢      Students should cite the research sources in the bibliography.

                                      • 42. Biology
                                        B. I. O. L. O. G. Y. — A type of science. The study of life.
                                        Listen to how the word is used in a sentence.
                                        ⇢      Students in biology class were dissecting frogs.

                                        • 43. Blasphemous
                                          B. L. A. S. P. H. E. M. O. U. S. — Sacrilegious. Profane. Offensive.
                                          The opposite of blasphemous is pious.
                                          For example.
                                          ⇢      Committing a crime in a place of worship is a blasphemous act.

                                          • 44. Blatant
                                            B. L. A. T. A. N. T. — Obvious. Unconcealed.
                                            The antonym for blatant is furtive.
                                            Listen to how the word is used in context.
                                            ⇢      The boss did not like his employee’s blatant disregard for company rules.

                                            • 45. Bluff
                                              B. L. U. F. F. — Fool. Deceive.
                                              The next sentence illustrates its usage.
                                              ⇢      He acted like he had very good cards but she knew he was bluffing.

                                              • 46. Blunt
                                                B. L. U. N. T. — Direct. Honest.
                                                The antonym for blunt is sharp.
                                                Listen to how the word is used in the next sentence.
                                                ⇢      Her blunt comments may have offended her friend.

                                                • 47. Brevity
                                                  B. R. E. V. I. T. Y. — Shortness. Briefness.
                                                  Brevity is the opposite of length.
                                                  ⇢      Because of the speaker’s brevity the audience could leave the event early.

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