Oct 28, 2017

TOEFL vocabulary: Harangue-Hypothesis (Part II) 1 of 9

13 cards
  • Introduction

    Welcome to TOEFL Vocabulary AudioLearn. This course is designed to help improve your TOEFL score by familiarizing you with the most common words that appear on the test. In this course, each vocabulary word will be pronounced and then  . . . 
    spelled for you. Next, you will hear two or three synonyms for the vocabulary word. A synonym is a word with a similar meaning. For example. ‘Test’ is a synonym for ‘exam’. After the synonym, you will hear an antonym for that word. And the antonym is a word with an opposite meaning. For example. ‘Love’ is an antonym for ‘hate’. If an antonym has not given that means the word is not having an antonym. Finally, you will hear the vocabulary word used in a sentence. Listen carefully for the word as it is used in context. It may be slightly varied from its original usage. For example, if the vocabulary word is ‘love’ you might hear ‘He loves to get gifts.’ or ‘She loved chocolate cake.’ The words are arranged in alphabetical order. For words with multiple meanings the most common total usage is provided for you. In cases where two meanings are common both meanings are given. Let’s get started.

    • 182. Harangue
      H. A. R. A. N. G. U. E. — Berate. Criticize. Scold.
      Listen to its usage in this sentence.
      ⇢      Her boss was always haranguing her so eventually she quit.

      • 183. Harbinger
        H. A. R. B. I. N. G. E. R. — Herald. Forerunner. Indication.
        Note how the word is used in this sentence.
        ⇢      The cardinal is the harbinger of spring.

        • 184. Heinous
          H. E. I. N. O. U. S. — Monstrous. Atrocious. Terrible.
          The antonym for heinous is admirable were pleasant.
          The following sentence illustrates its usage.
          ⇢      Anyone who commit such a heinous crime should be locked in prison for life.

          • 185. Heretic
            H. E. R. E. T. I. C. — Is a noun meaning someone who deviates from conventional beliefs.
            For example.
            ⇢      The heretic was shunned by the villagers.

            • 186. Hesitate
              H. E. S. I. T. A. T. E. — Pause. Falter. Delay.
              Hesitating is the opposite of rushing ahead.
              Note how the word is used in this sentence.
              ⇢      Because the rent was so high he hesitated before signing the lease.

              • 187. Hiatus
                H. I. A. T. U. S. — Pause. Break. Interruption.
                The antonym for hiatus is continuation.
                Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                ⇢      After a brief hiatus he returned to work.

                • 188. Hideous
                  H. I. D. E. O. U. S. — Ugly. Revolting.
                  Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                  ⇢      The hideous monster was frightening to look at.

                  • 189. Hierarchy
                    H. I. E. R. A. R. C. H. Y. — A noun that means a formally ranked group.
                    Words with similar meaning include pecking order and chain of command.
                    For example.
                    ⇢      The president is above the vice president in the hierarchy of the company.

                    • 190. Histrionic
                      H. I. S. T. R. I. O. N. I. C. — Theatrical. Overly dramatic.
                      The antonym for histrionic is restraint.
                      Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                      ⇢      Slamming the door in someone’s face was one of her histrionic tendencies.

                      • 191. Hoard
                        H. O. A. R. D. — Store up. Save up.
                        The antonym for hoarding is throwing away or discarding.
                        Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                        ⇢      The woman had been hoarding stray cats in her apartment.

                        • 192. Hoax
                          H. O. A. X. — Trick. Joke. Prank.
                          The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                          ⇢      The crop circles in England turned out to be a hoax.

                          • 193. Hoist
                            H. O. I. S. T. — Raise. Left.
                            The opposite of hoist is to lower.
                            For example.
                            ⇢      The pirates hoisted up the sales of the ship and departed for the high seas.

                            • 194. Hypothesis
                              H. Y. P. O. T. H. E. S. I. S. — Theory. Premise. Supposition.
                              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                              ⇢      The researcher’s hypothesis was proven to be correct.

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