Oct 28, 2017

TOEFL vocabulary: Pact-Psychology (Part II) 9 of 9

46 cards


    • 310. Pact
      P. A. C. T. — Deal. Promise. Agreement.
      The following sentence illustrates its usage.
      ⇢      They made a pact to always protect one another.

      • 311. Pant
        P. A. N. T. — Breathe heavily. Gasp. Wheeze.
        Listen to its usage in this sentence.
        ⇢      The dog painted after its long walk.

        • 312. Parable
          P. A. R. A. B. L. E. — Allegory. Fable. Story.
          Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                Parables are stories that teach a lesson.

          • 313. Paradox
            P. A. R. A. D. O. X. — Contradiction. Illogicality. Inconsistency.
            For example.
            ⇢      The greatest paradox of philosophy is the existence of evil in the presence of an all-powerful god.

            • 314. Paralyze
              P. A. R. A. L. Y. Z. E. — Stop. Freeze.
              The following sentence illustrates its usage.
              ⇢      We were paralyzed with fear when we saw the burglars knife.

              • 315. Paraphrase
                P. A. R. A. P. H. R. A. S. E. — Rephrase. Reword.
                To paraphrase someone’s words is to see them in a different way.
                Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                ⇢      The reporter paraphrased what the judge said in court.

                • 316. Parody
                  P. A. R. O. D. Y. — Distort. Pervert. Misrepresent.
                  Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                  ⇢      The comedian was very funny when he parodied the presidential debate.

                  • 317. Pathetic
                    P. A. T. H. E. T. I. C. — Sad. Pitiable.
                    The antonym for pathetic is strong or admirable.
                    For example.
                    ⇢      The way he follows her around like a puppy dog is just pathetic.

                    • 318. Pathology
                      P. A. T. H. O. L. O. G. Y. — Is a noun meaning the study of [?] disease.
                      The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                      ⇢      The blood samples were sent to the pathology department for analysis.

                      • 319. Patient
                        P. A. T. I. E. N. T. — Tolerant. Enduring.
                        The antonym for patient is impatient.
                        Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                        ⇢      The piano teacher was very patient with her new student.

                        • 320. Pedestal
                          P. E. D. E. S. T. A. L. — Base. Platform.
                          Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                          ⇢      The statue was displayed on a pedestal.

                          • 321. Pedestrian
                            P. E. D. E. S. T. R. I. A. N. — Walker. Person on foot.
                            For example.
                                  Pedestrians can cross the street at the corner.

                            • 322. Penalize
                              P. E. N. A. L. I. Z. E. — Punish. Reprimand.
                              The antonym for penalizes to let off.
                              The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                              ⇢      You will be penalized one letter grade for each day your paper is late.

                              • 323. Perceptive
                                P. E. R. C. E. P. T. I. V. E. — Sensitive. Insightful.
                                The antonym for perceptive is dense or insensitive.
                                Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                ⇢      The teacher thought the student’s insights were very perceptive.

                                • 324. Peripheral
                                  P. E. R. I. P. H. E. R. A. L. — Sideline. Secondary. Unimportant.
                                  Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                  ⇢      Even though I was looking straight ahead I could still see him sneak up on me with my peripheral vision.

                                  • 325. Perplexity
                                    P. E. R. P. L. E. X. I. T. Y. — Bewilderment. Puzzlement.
                                    The antonym for perplexity is understanding.
                                    For example.
                                    ⇢      He was constantly confounded by the perplexity of the issues.

                                    • 326. Perennial
                                      P. E. R. E. N. N. I. A. L. — Perpetual. Lasting. Recurrent.
                                      The antonym for perennial is occasional.
                                      The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                      ⇢      The perennial plants come up year after year where’s the annual ones only last one season.

                                      • 327. Pervade
                                        P. E. R. V. A. D. E. — Spread through. Saturate. Infuse.
                                        Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                        ⇢      Serious grammar mistakes and miscalculations pervade this report.

                                        • 328. Phantom
                                          P. H. A. N. T. O. M. — Ghost. Apparition. Spirit.
                                          Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                          ⇢      The phantom of Billy Bob haunts the ship.

                                          • 329. Philosopher
                                            P. H. I. L. O. S. O. P. H. E. R. — Truth seeker. Thinker. Theorist.
                                            The antonym for philosopher is realist.
                                            For example.
                                                  Philosophers are concerned with whether or not an argument is valid.

                                            • 330. Phonetic
                                              P. H. O. N. E. T. I. C. — Is an adjective that means having to do with sound and pronunciation.
                                              The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                              ⇢      In order to remember how to pronounce your name I’m going to write it out using the phonetic alphabet.

                                              • 331. Pious
                                                P. I. O. U. S. — Devoted. Religious. Devout.
                                                The antonym for pious is irreverent.
                                                Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                ⇢      The pious man prayed every morning and every evening.

                                                • 332. Plagiarism
                                                  P. L. A. G. I. A. R. I. S. M. — Copying word for word without giving credit.
                                                  Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                  ⇢      Because he plagiarized his paper he received a failing grade.

                                                  • 333. Pliant
                                                    P. L. I. A. N. T. — Bendable. Pliable.
                                                    The antonym for pliant is stiff or inflexible.
                                                    For example.
                                                    ⇢      Metal becomes pliant when you heat it up.

                                                    • 334. Plight
                                                      P. L. I. G. H. T. — Predicament. Troubles.
                                                      The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                      ⇢      How will she ever escape her plight.

                                                      • 335. Podium
                                                        P. O. D. I. U. M. — Platform. Raised stage.
                                                        Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                        ⇢      As the speaker approach the podium the crowd grew silent.

                                                        • 336. Ponder
                                                          P. O. N. D. E. R. — Consider. Think about. [?] over.
                                                          For example.
                                                          ⇢      The philosopher like to ponder the meaning of life.

                                                          • 337. Portage
                                                            P. O. R. T. A. G. E. — To carry about overland.
                                                            Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                            ⇢      When we reach the island we will portage the kayaks.

                                                            • 338. Postpone
                                                              P. O. S. T. P. O. N. E. — To put off. Delay.
                                                              The antonym for postpone is continue.
                                                              Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                              ⇢      The pilot decided to postpone the planes take off due to bad weather.

                                                              • 339. Precocious
                                                                P. R. E. C. O. C. I. O. U. S. — Gifted. Intelligent.
                                                                The antonym for precocious is slow.
                                                                For example.
                                                                ⇢      The precocious child started reading six months before most children do.

                                                                • 340. Predator
                                                                  P. R. E. D. A. T. O. R. — Hunter. Plunder. Destroyer.
                                                                  The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                  ⇢      Mice have many predators including owls, cats, and snakes.

                                                                  • 341. Pray
                                                                    P. R. E. Y. — Victim. Kill. [?].
                                                                    Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                    ⇢      Owls have many prey including mice, birds, and bats.

                                                                    • 342. Process
                                                                      P. R. O. C. E. S. S. — Deal with. Treat. Handle.
                                                                      Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                      ⇢      This is too much for me to process. I need to take a break and let it all sink in.

                                                                      • 343. Predict
                                                                        P. R. E. D. I. C. T. — Foretell. Foresee.
                                                                        For example.
                                                                        ⇢      It is impossible to predict the future.

                                                                        • 344. Pregnant
                                                                          P. R. E. G. N. A. N. T. — Charged. Significant. Meaningful.
                                                                          The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                          ⇢      There was a pregnant pause in the speech before the winner was announced.

                                                                          • 345. Prestige
                                                                            P. R. E. S. T. I. G. E. — Status. Esteem. Reputation.
                                                                            Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                            ⇢      The new job paid about the same but it had much more prestige.

                                                                            • 346. Prevent
                                                                              P. R. E. V. E. N. T. — Avoid. Avert. Preclude.
                                                                              The antonym for prevent is permit.
                                                                              Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                              ⇢      Most accidents can be prevented with good safety practices.

                                                                              • 347. Proclaim
                                                                                P. R. O. C. L. A. I. M. — Announce. Declare.
                                                                                For example.
                                                                                ⇢      The governor proclaimed that the state would be the first to allow stem cell research.

                                                                                • 348. Procrastinate
                                                                                  P. R. O. C. R. A. S. T. I. N. A. T. E. — To put off. Delay.
                                                                                  The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                                  ⇢      You will never finish if he doesn’t stop procrastinating.

                                                                                  • 349. Proctor
                                                                                    P. R. O. C. T. O. R. — Oversee. Supervise.
                                                                                    Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                                    ⇢      The teaching assistant proctors the exams.

                                                                                    • 350. Prodigy
                                                                                      P. R. O. D. I. G. Y. — Genius. Sensation.
                                                                                      Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                                      ⇢      Mozart was a musical prodigy.

                                                                                      • 351. Prone
                                                                                        P. R. O. N. E. — Likely to do. Inclined towards. Disposed to.
                                                                                        The antonym for prone is unlikely.
                                                                                        For example.
                                                                                        ⇢      Drinking caffeine makes you more prone to sleeplessness.

                                                                                        • 352. Prudent
                                                                                          P. R. U. D. E. N. T. — Careful. Sensible or practical.
                                                                                          The antonym for prudent is reckless.
                                                                                          The following sentence illustrates its usage.
                                                                                          ⇢      It is prudent to look both ways before crossing the street.

                                                                                          • 353. Prune
                                                                                            P. R. U. N. E. — To cut back. Snip or trim.
                                                                                            Listen to its usage in this sentence.
                                                                                            ⇢      She pruned the rose bushes in her garden.

                                                                                            • 354. Pry
                                                                                              P. R. Y. — Interfere. Meddle or snoop.
                                                                                              Note how the word is used in this sentence.
                                                                                              ⇢      The gossipy neighbor was always prying into other people’s affairs.

                                                                                              • 355. Psychology
                                                                                                P. S. Y. C. H. O. L. O. G. Y. — This study of the mind.
                                                                                                For example.
                                                                                                ⇢      We are learning about mental diseases in psychology class.

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