Jan 16, 2017

UNIT 13: Essential English Words (Book 1)

29 cards
, 71 answers
  • Learn the following target words.

    blood n.
    Blood is the red liquid in your body.
    I cut my finger and got blood on my shirt.

    burn v.
    To burn something is to set it on fire.
    I burned some wood in the camp fire.

    cell n.
    A cell is a small room where a person is locked in.
    The jail cell was very small.

    contain v.
    To contain something is to have it inside.
    The mailbox contained a letter.

    correct adj.
    To be correct is to be right.
    All of my answers on the test were correct.

    crop n.
    A crop is food that a farmer grows.
    Wheat is a crop that is made into bread.

    demand v.
    To demand something is to say strongly that you want it.
    The workers demanded to be paid more money.

    equal adj.
    To be equal is to be the same.
    Both students are equal in age.

    feed v.
    To feed is to give food.
    Mother feeds my baby brother everyday.

    hole n.
    A hole is an opening in something.
    The man was going to jump into the hole in the ice.

    increase v.
    To increase something is to make it larger or more.
    They’ve increased the price of gas by 15 cents!

    lord n.
    Long ago, a lord was a man in charge of a town.
    The lord of the town was not kind.

    owe v.
    To owe is to have to pay or give back something received from another.
    I owed him twenty dollars, so I paid him back.

    position n.
    A position is the way something is placed.
    How can you sit in that position?

    raise v.
    To raise something is to lift it up.
    We had to work together to raise the last piece.

    responsible adj.
    If a person is responsible, they do the right things.
    I try to be responsible and save money.

    sight n.
    A sight is something interesting to see.
    I saw the pyramids of Egypt. What a sight!

    spot n.
    A spot is a place where something happens.
    The kitchen is a good spot to eat meals.

    structure n.
    A structure is a building.
    They just built a beautiful new structure downtown.

    whole adj.
    Whole means all of something.
    I ate the whole pie. We don’t have any more.
    • Choose the right word for the given definition.
      • to set on fire
        • burn
        • feed
        • increase
        • contain

      • the same as something else
        • hole
        • structure
        • equal
        • lord

      • the liquid in your body
        • blood
        • spot
        • owe
        • cell

      • doing what you should do
        • raise
        • demand
        • position
        • responsible

      • something interesting to see
        • correct
        • whole
        • sight
        • crop

    • Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the word bank.


      feed       ○      whole       ○      cell       ○      spot       ○      correct
      • The poor man had no money to his family.

        • The robber was locked in a for a year.

          • Did you read the book or just part of it?

            • I left my coat in the by the window.

              • If I get the answers , I will pass the test.

              • Choose the better response to each question.
                • What position were these in?
                  • They were next to each other.
                  • They came from the store,

                • Will you help me raise this?
                  • Yes, it goes lower,
                  • Yes. How high?

                • Does that bottle contain water?
                  • No, it has milk in it.
                  • Yes. What is inside it?

                • What did your father demand?
                  • He is not nice.
                  • That I clean my room.

                • Did you hear that Jim’s house burned down?
                  • That is terrible!
                  • Is it bigger now?

              • Choose the word that is a better fit for each sentence.
                • This is our favorite picnic  . . . 
                  • position
                  • spot

                • Won’t your legs hurt if you stay in that  . . . 
                  for long?
                  • spot
                  • position

                • The bad guy sat on the floor of his  . . . 
                  • cell
                  • structure

                • Do not  . . . 
                  any of the animals at the zoo.
                  • crop
                  • feed

                • I still  . . . 
                  the bank money for my university loan.
                  • owe
                  • lord

                • The  . . . 
                  ruled over 100 people in the town.
                  • owe
                  • lord

                • Dad says the old  . . . 
                  is not safe.
                  • structure
                  • cell

                • The farmer grew a  . . . 
                  of potatoes.
                  • feed
                  • crop

                • I dug a  . . . 
                  to put a tree in.
                  • whole
                  • hole

                • The  . . . 
                  class was excited.
                  • hole
                  • whole

              • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.

                The Farmer and the Cats

                Arthur was a responsible farmer, and Maria was a nice lady. But they were poor. They owed the town lord money for their land. One summer, their farm burned. One structure caught fire, and most of the animals ran away. Only the cats stayed. So Arthur and Maria had to bring in their crops without an animal’s help.

                On a fall day, the lord demanded his money. Arthur asked if the lord could wait until he brought in his crops.

                The lord was angry. He raised his hands high and yelled, “Pay me by the end of the week. If you don’t, I will increase the money you have to pay. I might put you in a jail cell.”

                So Arthur and Maria worked until there was blood on their hands. They finished four lines of corn and went to bed.

                But the next morning, eight lines were finished! “Maria, didn’t we stop in this spot here?” Arthur asked.

                “Yes, that is correct. And the tools were in a different position, too,” Maria said. They were surprised and happy. That day, they worked hard and finished five lines.

                But in the morning, ten lines were done! Each day they did a lot of work. Each night, someone else did an equal amount of work. In a week, the whole field was finished. “Tomorrow I will sell the crops and pay the lord,” Arthur said. But that morning, the crops were gone. A bag was in the middle of the field. It contained money.

                “Maria, let’s see who has helped us work.” Through a hole in the wall, they saw a funny sight. The cats were dancing in the field and eating corn! Now Arthur knew what had happened. The cats had worked at night! After that, Arthur was very nice to his cats and fed them lots of corn.
                • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
                  • What does the bag contain?
                    • A gift for the lady
                    • Money for the lord
                    • A new kind of crop
                    • Corn to feed the animals

                  • What does Arthur do in the story?
                    • Work until there is blood on his hands
                    • Demand money from people
                    • Raise his hands high
                    • Put the lady in a jail cell

                  • What sight did Maria and Arthur see in the morning?
                    • A whole new structure on the farm
                    • The lord working in their fields
                    • A hole in the wall of their house
                    • The cats dancing on the farm

                  • What is true of the cats in the story?
                    • They put all the tools in one spot.
                    • They burn the farm and scare the animals.
                    • They think Arthur is very responsible.
                    • They do work equal to Arthur’s work.

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