Jan 17, 2017

UNIT 14: Essential English Words (Book 1)

24 cards
, 51 answers
  • Learn the following target words.

    coach n.
    A coach is a person who teaches sports.
    My coach gets very excited during games.

    control v.
    To control something is to make it do what you want.
    To control the TV, just push the buttons.

    description n.
    A description of someone or something says what they are like.
    I gave a description of the man with the gun and hat to the police.

    direct adj.
    If something is direct, it goes straight between two places.
    The green path is a direct route to my house.

    exam n.
    An exam is a test.
    I did some practice questions for the math exam on the board.

    example n.
    An example of something is a thing that is typical of it.
    Cola is an example of a soft drink.

    limit n.
    A limit is the largest or smallest amount of something that you allow.
    My mother put a limit on how much I could use the phone.

    local adj.
    If something is local, it is nearby.
    The local market in my neighborhood sells all the food we need.

    magical adj.
    Magical describes a quality that makes someone or something special.
    The fireworks made the night sky look so magical.

    mail n.
    Mail is letters and other things sent to people.
    I get a lot of mail because I have friends all over the world.

    novel n.
    A novel is a book that tells a story.
    He wrote a great novel about ancient China.

    outline n.
    An outline is the plan for a story or essay.
    Before I wrote my essay, I made an outline.

    poet n.
    A poet is a person who writes poems.
    William Shakespeare was one of the greatest poets.

    print v.
    To print something is to put it onto paper.
    Make sure that you print your name clearly.

    scene n.
    A scene is one part of a book or movie.
    A movie is made up of many short pieces or scenes.

    sheet n.
    A sheet is a thin flat piece of paper.
    I only needed a single sheet of paper to do my homework.

    silly adj.
    If someone or something is silly, they show a lack of thought.
    I made a silly mistake of dropping mom’s vase.

    store n.
    A store is a place where you can buy things.
    I picked up a few things at the grocery store.

    suffer v.
    To suffer is to feel pain.
    Her headache made her suffer all day.

    technology n.
    Technology is new things made by using science.
    He loves technology such as laptop computers.
    • Write a word that is similar in meaning to the underlined part.
      • The writer is good at making sentences about what someone looks like.

        • I only read the plan for the story.

          • He loves to have the best things that are new to the world.

            • The evening was filled with special things that made it different.

              • He got a low score on the science test.

              • Choose the better response to each question.
                • Did you buy the novel?
                  • Yes, he was very nice.
                  • No, someone gave it to me.

                • Will you go to the store?
                  • Yes, I need a new hat.
                  • No, I saw it yesterday.

                • Have you been to the local cinema?
                  • Yes, I went there yesterday.
                  • No, it is in the other city.

                • What was your favorite scene?
                  • I didn’t like any of them.
                  • I bought it last week.

                • Do you like the new coach?
                  • Yes, he’s very nice.
                  • No, it is too expensive.

              • Choose the answer that suits the blank naturally.
                • He doesn’t always use the best judgment,  . . . 
                  so he makes some silly mistakes
                  • she suffers a lot
                  • so he makes some silly mistakes

                • I like to read,  . . . 
                  so I buy many novels
                  • so I buy many novels
                  • so I am a poet

                • She doesn’t like that book because  . . . 
                  the examples are not clear enough
                  • the examples are not clear enough
                  • she has a local book

                • When he travels,  . . . 
                  he always takes a direct flight
                  • he gives a description of airplanes
                  • he always takes a direct flight

                • My dog won’t bite you.  . . . 
                  I can control it
                  • I can control it
                  • He is doing an exam

                • I need to buy some food, so  . . . 
                  I’m going to the store
                  • I’m going to the store
                  • I am over the limit

                • She likes her teacher.  . . . 
                  He uses helpful examples
                  • He uses helpful examples
                  • He writes a lot of mail in class

                • I don’t play on the soccer team  . . . 
                  because I don’t like the coach
                  • because I don’t like the coach
                  • because the outline is too long

                • The movie was too boring.  . . . 
                  It needed more exciting scenes
                  • They shouldn’t have printed it
                  • It needed more exciting scenes

                • He has many computers.  . . . 
                  He loves technology
                  • He loves technology
                  • They are on sheets

              • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.

                A Magical Book

                Sarah loved to read. She read novels and poems. She loved the beautiful descriptions and phrases. She loved reading work from poets and novelists. She didn’t like video games or technology. She was on the basketball team, but she didn’t like sports. Her parents made her play basketball. In fact, Sarah’s parents made her do many things. But she didn’t want to do those things. She just wanted to sit and read all day.

                One day, a small book came in the mail. It was for Sarah. The book looked very special. It was printed on sheets of gold. Sarah began to read. The outline of the story was simple. It was about a magical place. Strange things happened there. One example from the book was about a boy who could control people. In one scene, he made his friends tell funny jokes.

                Sarah loved the book. She read it all the time. Then something strange happened. The book gave Sarah a special power. She could control other people. She was like the boy in the book. During one exam, she made her friend tell silly jokes. Her friend got in trouble.

                After school, Sarah did not make a direct trip home. On the way, she went to the local store. She wanted to play more tricks on people. She caused problems. She made people fall down. She laughed and had fun.

                Finally she left and started to walk home. Then she saw something. Her basketball coach was about to walk in front of a bus. He was looking the other way. She had to stop him! She used her power. She controlled him. She made him stop walking.

                Sarah learned something that day. It was better to help people than make them suffer. So, she put a limit on how she used her power. She did not want to do bad things with it anymore. She only wanted to do good.
                • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
                  • What is true about the magical book?
                    • It gives examples of good jokes.
                    • It is printed on sheets of gold.
                    • Sarah doesn’t want to write in it.
                    • Its outline is hard to understand.

                  • What is this story about?
                    • A girl who can control other people.
                    • A basketball coach who tells jokes to people.
                    • A man who takes a direct trip to the local store.
                    • A girl who gets a novel about technology in the mail.

                  • Why does Sarah love to read?
                    • She likes the phrases and descriptions in books.
                    • She wants to be a poet.
                    • It gives her control over other people.
                    • She likes to tell jokes to her teachers.

                  • What does Sarah learn in the end?
                    • Simple stories are the best.
                    • She should not read during an exam.
                    • She should make other people suffer.
                    • She must limit her power.

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