Jan 22, 2017

UNIT 22: Essential English Words (Book 1)

29 cards
, 76 answers
  • Learn the following target words.

    actual adj.
    Actual means that something is real or true.
    This is the actual sword that the King owned, not a fake one.

    amaze v.
    To amaze someone is to surprise them very much.
    The news in the paper amazed Jack.

    charge n.
    A charge is the price to pay for something.
    The charge for the shirts was $15.00.

    comfort v.
    To comfort someone means to make them feel better.
    I wanted to comfort my friend after I heard the bad news.

    contact v.
    To contact someone is to speak or write to them.
    I contacted Sue about my party.

    customer n.
    A customer is a person who buys something at a store.
    The customer put a few items in a bag.

    deliver v.
    To deliver something is to take it from one place to another.
    The man delivered Chinese food to my house.

    earn v.
    To earn means to get money for the work you do.
    He earns his living as a chef in a great restaurant.

    gate n.
    A gate is a type of door. Gates are usually made of metal or wood.
    We want to put up a wooden gate around our house.

    include v.
    To include something means to have it as part of a group.
    Does this meal include a soft drink?

    manage v.
    To manage something means to control or be in charge of it.
    I had to manage the meeting myself.

    mystery n.
    A mystery is something that is difficult to understand or explain.
    The path on the map was a complete mystery to me.

    occur v.
    To occur means to happen.
    When did the thunderstorm occur?

    opposite n.
    If A is the opposite of B, A is completely different from B.
    The opposite of black is white.

    plate n.
    A plate is a flat round thing that you put food on.
    I put my plate down so I could put some food on it.

    receive v.
    To receive something is to get it.
    I received a present on my birthday.

    reward n.
    A reward is something given in exchange for good behavior or work.
    He was given a reward for his excellent performance.

    set v.
    To set something is to put it somewhere.
    Please set the dice down on the table.

    steal v.
    To steal is to take something that is not yours.
    The men tried to steal money from the bank.

    thief n.
    A thief is someone who quietly takes things that do not belong to them.
    A thief broke into our home and took my mother's jewelry.
    • Choose the right word for the given definition.
      • to get
        • receive
        • gate
        • charge
        • actual

      • to happen
        • deliver
        • set
        • manage
        • occur

      • to take something that does not belong to you
        • include
        • steal
        • amaze
        • plate

      • to make someone feel better
        • earn
        • reward
        • contact
        • comfort

      • a person who buys something
        • opposite
        • customer
        • thief
        • mystery

    • Choose if the bolded word makes or doesn’t make sense in a sentence.
      • A man who is alone can contact many people.
        • makes sense
        • doesn’t make sense

      • Everything that is for sale has a charge.
        • makes sense
        • doesn’t make sense

      • A customer sells things to people.
        • doesn’t make sense
        • makes sense

      • If you steal money, you can get in trouble.
        • makes sense
        • doesn’t make sense

      • Postmen deliver mail from one house to another.
        • makes sense
        • doesn’t make sense

      • If a woman is sad, someone should comfort her.
        • makes sense
        • doesn’t make sense

      • He was given a reward for his poor work performance.
        • doesn’t make sense
        • makes sense

      • You eat dinner off a plate.
        • makes sense
        • doesn’t make sense

      • If you earn something, you give it to someone.
        • makes sense
        • doesn’t make sense

      • If I receive a present, I give someone something.
        • doesn’t make sense
        • makes sense

    • Choose the better response to each question.
      • Who should manage the classroom?
        • The students should go to the classroom.
        • The teacher should be in charge.

      • Does the wall have a gate?
        • Yes, and it is often locked.
        • Yes, the wall is very high.

      • Has he received my present?
        • He sent it to you yesterday.
        • He got it yesterday.

      • Where should I set this book?
        • It came from the library.
        • Put it on the bookshelf.

      • What is the actual number of people there?
        • There are a lot of people there.
        • There are 31,872 people there.

      • When did the theft occur?
        • It stopped early.
        • It happened this afternoon.

      • Does the book include a CD?
        • No, we must buy the extra CD.
        • No, it is inside the book.

      • What happened to the plate?
        • It helped me with my homework.
        • It broke when I dropped it.

      • Did that movie amaze you?
        • Yes, the ending surprised me very much.
        • Yes, I had seen it many times before.

      • Did you hear the news about the thief?
        • He stole some expensive diamonds from the jewelry store.
        • There was a person buying something.

    • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.

      A Better Reward

      Jenny delivered food for a restaurant. She read the newspaper and said, “Uh oh.” There was a story about a thief. He stole food, and no one had seen him. Even the police couldn’t catch him. Jenny was a little scared. She worked close to that area.

      The newspaper included a message from the police: “If anything strange occurs, call us. If you help us catch the thief, you’ll earn a reward.”
      Jenny talked to Jim. He managed the restaurant. “Do you know about the thief?”

      “Yes,” he said. “But he steals more than one person can eat. And why haven’t the police stopped him yet? It’s a mystery. If you see him, contact the police. Don’t run after him.”

      Jenny drove to a customer’s house. She left her car and opened the gate to the house. But then she heard a noise by her car. She yelled, “Thief!” She wasn’t scared. She wanted the reward! She did the opposite of what Jim told her to do.

      “Hey,” she yelled. “Get back here!” She set the food on the ground and ran to her car.

      But the thief had already left with the food. Jenny followed a noise around the corner. She was amazed. She saw a dog and some puppies. They were eating her food! They looked thin and scared. “The actual thief is just a dog. She’s feeding her puppies,” she said. “That’s why she steals so much food.”

      Jenny felt bad. She tried to comfort the dogs with another plate of food. Then she took them back to the store. Everyone there took a puppy home. Jenny called the police. She told them there was no real thief.

      Jenny didn’t do it to receive the reward anymore. She said, “It was just a dog. But there’s no charge for catching this ‘thief,’” she said. “My new dog is a better reward.”
      • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
        • What was true of Jim?
          • He wrote a story that included a message from the police.
          • He told Jenny that she should contact the police.
          • He received a reward because he managed the store.
          • He tried to comfort Jenny with food.

        • What is this story about?
          • A man who tells a mystery
          • A man who writes for a newspaper
          • A dog that steals a plate
          • A girl who delivers food

        • Why did Jenny decide to run after the thief?
          • She wanted to earn the reward.
          • She wanted to charge a customer for that food.
          • She knew that there was no actual thief.
          • She always did the opposite of what Jim said.

        • How did Jenny act when she heard the noise?
          • She followed it around the corner.
          • She ran through the gate to get away from it.
          • She set the food on a table and ran to her car.
          • She was amazed by the noise.

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