Jan 22, 2017

UNIT 23: Essential English Words (Book 1)

29 cards
, 66 answers
  • Learn the following target words.



    advance v.
    To advance is to go forward.
    He advanced up the ladder slowly.

    athlete n.
    An athlete is a person who plays sports.
    Some athletes can play many sports very well.

    average adj.
    If something is average, it is at a normal level.
    I’m not rich or poor; I’m average.

    behavior n.
    Your behavior is the way you act.
    Their behavior was good this semester. They didn’t cause trouble.

    behind prep.
    Behind means to be at the back of something.
    The little girl was hiding behind a tree.

    course n.
    A course is a class in school.
    I took a P.E. course in school this year.

    lower v.
    To lower something is to make it go down.
    The chart shows how his production has lowered over the year.

    match v.
    To match is to be the same or similar.
    The two shoes matched. They looked the same.

    member n.
    A member is a person who is part of a group.
    Julie is the newest member of our team.

    mental adj.
    If something is mental, it has to do with your mind.
    I made a mental picture of the room.

    passenger n.
    A passenger is a person who rides in a car, train, or airplane.
    One passenger was standing in the subway train.

    personality n.
    Your personality is what you are like and how you behave.
    John has a bad personality.

    poem n.
    A poem is a short kind of writing.
    William Shakespeare wrote many poems.

    pole n.
    A pole is a long thin stick made of wood or metal that supports things.
    The flag was hanging from the flag pole.

    remove v.
    To remove something is to take it away.
    I removed the nail from the board.

    safety n.
    Safety means to be the condition of being safe and free from danger.
    For his own safety, he was placed in a car seat.

    shoot v.
    To shoot is to fire something like a bullet at someone or something.
    The hunter raised his gun to shoot at the target.

    sound v.
    To sound means to make a noise.
    The alarm clock sounded and woke us all up.

    swim v.
    To swim is to move through water.
    I love to swim in the ocean.

    web n.
    A web is a home made by a spider.
    Mom cleaned the spider webs out of the garage.
    • Write a word that is similar in meaning to the underlined part.
      • Please take away your feet from the table.
        rem

        • I need to find the other sock that is the same as this one.
          ma

          • What is your favorite class?
            c

            • Clara is a person in a group of the running club.
              me

              • Jesse is a very good sports player.
                at

                • He was a person taking a ride on the ship.
                  pa

                  • This is a very normal morning. Nothing bad has happened.
                    ave

                    • The bell rattled, so we changed classes.
                      so

                      • William wanted to go forward, but a wall stopped him.
                        adv

                        • What kind of character does Ted have?
                          per

                        • Choose if the bolded word makes or doesn’t make sense in a sentence.
                          • Have you ever found a bird’s web?
                            • makes sense
                            • doesn’t make sense

                          • We removed the city last week.
                            • doesn’t make sense
                            • makes sense

                          • My shoes were behind the couch.
                            • doesn’t make sense
                            • makes sense

                          • Be sure to remove the trash from the house.
                            • makes sense
                            • doesn’t make sense

                          • Webs are made by spiders.
                            • doesn’t make sense
                            • makes sense

                          • This mental exercise makes my arms tired.
                            • makes sense
                            • doesn’t make sense

                          • I was behind the winner, so I won the race!
                            • makes sense
                            • doesn’t make sense

                          • I lowered the box onto the ground.
                            • makes sense
                            • doesn’t make sense

                          • Reading increases your mental activity.
                            • doesn’t make sense
                            • makes sense

                          • Could you help me lower my seat please?
                            • makes sense
                            • doesn’t make sense

                        • Choose the right word for the given definition.
                          • the way you act
                            • mental
                            • course
                            • behavior
                            • match

                          • a metal or wooden stick used to support things
                            • remove
                            • pole
                            • passenger
                            • sound

                          • the condition free from any danger
                            • personality
                            • shoot
                            • athlete
                            • safety

                          • to move through water
                            • average
                            • advance
                            • swim
                            • lower

                          • something nice to read
                            • poem
                            • web
                            • behind
                            • member

                        • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.



                          The Camp

                          Stacie wanted to stay at a nice hotel for vacation. But her parents sent her to a terrible camp instead. For breakfast, Stacie liked fresh juice and chocolate milk, but she got water at the camp. In the afternoon she wanted to write poems, but she had to swim. The camp was near an airport with loud planes. Spider webs hung over her bed. To her, the kids’ average behavior was very bad. No girl matched her personality. She hated it.

                          One day, they had a class. Mental exercise sounded good to Stacie. But it was a course on water safety. They learned how to be safe passengers on a boat. Stacie didn’t ever plan to go on a boat.

                          The next day, they played a game. There were a red team and a blue team. Stacie was on the blue team. Each team had to try to remove the other team’s flag from a pole. They also had to use water guns. “I’m not much of an athlete,” she said. But she still had to play.

                          Stacie took a water gun and looked for somewhere to hide. A boy said, “Stacie, you advance to the middle. I will go right. Those two will go left.”

                          Stacie still didn’t want to play. She walked into the forest and saw a red team player coming. Stacie hid behind a tree and then jumped out and shot the other player. “This is fun!” Stacie thought.

                          Several minutes after advancing further, Stacie saw the red flag. A red team member was watching over it. She shot him with her water gun. Then she lowered the flag and ran back to her team. “I got it!” she yelled. The blue team won! Stacie was the hero.

                          For the rest of the week, Stacie had fun. She even made new friends.
                          • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
                            • What did Stacie start to like about the camp?
                              • The other kids’ behavior
                              • Having chocolate milk
                              • Spider webs over her bed
                              • Beating the red team

                            • Instead of camp, where did Stacie want to be?
                              • At the airport
                              • On a boat as a passenger
                              • With an average student
                              • At a fancy hotel

                            • Because of her personality, what would Stacie likely NOT want to do?
                              • Read a poem
                              • Become an athlete
                              • Play a mental game
                              • Stay at a nice hotel

                            • How did Stacie win the game?
                              • She swam all afternoon.
                              • She advanced to the right.
                              • She lowered the red team’s flag.
                              • She hit the red team with her water gun.

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