Jan 26, 2017

UNIT 24: Essential English Words (Book 1)

24 cards
, 61 answers
  • Learn the following target words.

    block n.
    A block is a solid piece of wood, stone or ice.
    I saw a block of ice on the floor.

    cheer v.
    To cheer is to give a loud shout of approval or encouragement.
    The crowd all cheered when the home team won.

    complex adj.
    If something is complex, it has many small parts. It is hard to understand.
    A jig-saw puzzle can be complex because it has so many pieces.

    critic n.
    A critic is someone who give their opinions about movies, books, plays
    The wine critic tasted the wine so he could give his opinion.

    event n.
    An event is something that happens, especially something important.
    Finishing high school was a major event in his life.

    exercise v.
    To exercise is to run or play sports so that you can be healthy.
    You should exercise every day.

    fit v.
    If something fits, it is small enough or the right size to go there.
    The colorful eggs fit into the box.

    friendship [n.
    Friendship is the relationship between people who are friends.
    Michael and Lisa have a very strong friendship with each other.

    guide n.
    A guide is someone who shows you where to go.
    We followed a guide at the park.

    lack n.
    If there is a lack of something, there is not enough of it.
    His only problem is a lack of money.

    passage n.
    A passage is a long area with walls that goes from one place
    The long passage led us to the other side of the field.

    perform v.
    To perform is to do something in front of people who watch.
    He will perform a song for the class.

    pressure n.
    Pressure is what you apply to make someone do something.
    They put pressure on him to change his mind.

    probable adj.
    If something is probable, it is likely to happen.
    It is probable that you will get a good grade if you study for the test.

    public adj.
    If something is public, it is meant for everyone to use.
    I went to the public park to play with my friends.

    strike v.
    To strike someone or something is to hit them.
    She struck the other girl in the face.

    support v.
    To support something is to like it and help it be successful.
    Everyone at work supports the new plan.

    task n.
    A task is work that someone has to do.
    Who has the task of building the brick wall?

    term n.
    A term is a word for something.
    I often use the term “oops” when I make a mistake.

    unite v.
    To unite is to get together to do something.
    If we unite, we can finish our project faster.
    • Choose the right definition for the given word.
      • lack
        • to try to make people act
        • to not have enough
        • to do activities to be healthy
        • to have many parts

      • unite
        • relationship between people who are friends
        • to do something to entertain
        • a person who dislikes
        • to work together

      • fit
        • a loud shout of encouragement
        • a large piece
        • connection between places
        • to be the right size

      • term
        • a word for something
        • available for everyone
        • a thing that happens
        • to help something work

      • probable
        • to hit
        • a word for something
        • a leader
        • likely

    • Write a word that is similar in meaning to the underlined part.
      • The car will hit the wall if they don’t slow down.

        • The athletes run to stay healthy every morning.

          • I hope they will do in public a funny play.

            • Her effort to make someone do something made Brad change his mind.

              • Is there a wav to get from one place to another in the city?

              • Choose the answer that suits the blank naturally.
                • They’ve known each other for years  . . . 
                  and have a good friendship
                  • and have a good friendship
                  • go to a passage

                • At the end of her speech,  . . . 
                  don’t forget to cheer loudly
                  • don’t forget to cheer loudly
                  • fit into your clothes

                • I don’t know where we are.  . . . 
                  We need a guide
                  • Let’s perform right now
                  • We need a guide

                • He thought the book was boring.  . . . 
                  He was a critic of it
                  • He really enjoyed it
                  • He was a critic of it

                • You don’t have to pay to get in when  . . . 
                  you go to a public park
                  • you go to a public park
                  • an accident is probable

                • The concert tonight  . . . 
                  will be a fun event
                  • will strike the wall
                  • will be a fun event

                • The artist made his art  . . . 
                  from a block of wood
                  • the people cheered for victory
                  • from a block of wood

                • ‘Glad’ is  . . . 
                  another term for happy
                  • another term for happy
                  • the way people unite

                • I gave him money because  . . . 
                  I support his company
                  • he didn’t do any work
                  • I support his company

                • You must think hard because  . . . 
                  the problem is complex
                  • I am under pressure
                  • the problem is complex

              • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.

                A Strong Friendship

                Tim was the strongest man in the town. When he played sports, he always won. He performed and exercised in the public park. He did this to show everyone how strong he was. Most people liked him, but one man didn’t. His name was Jack.

                Jack hated Tim. Jack was a movie critic and the smartest man in town. He could solve complex math problems. But no one cared. Jack wanted to be famous like Tim.

                One day, there was an unusual event. A big storm came suddenly. Snow covered the town. No one could get out. They needed food. The people said, “This is a task for a strong man.” Tim was under pressure to save them. But Jack wanted to be the hero, so they both went. Tim said, “You can’t help because of your lack of strength.”

                But Jack found some small passages under the snow. One of them led toward another town. That town had food. Because Tim was so big and strong, he almost couldn’t fit inside. They walked until there was a block of ice in their way. Jack said, “We can’t get past it. But if you strike it, it might break.” Tim knew that was probable.

                He broke it. When there were more ice blocks, Tim broke them. That made him tired. He couldn’t walk anymore.

                Jack said, “Let’s unite and support each other. I’ll get the food alone. You rest here.”

                Jack came back with food. Tim couldn’t remember which passage led home. He needed Jack to be his guide. The men became friends by working together. In town, people saw Jack with the food and cheered. They called Jack a hero. But Jack didn’t care. He was thinking of something else. He said to Tim, “I thought I was smart, but I learned a new term today: friendship.”
                • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
                  • Why did Jack become a hero?
                    • He won every sport he played.
                    • He fit inside the passage.
                    • He brought food to the town.
                    • He put pressure on Tim to save the town.

                  • What did Tim think while in the passage?
                    • He thought it was a very difficult task.
                    • He thought the storm was an unusual event.
                    • He thought breaking the ice was probable.
                    • He thought he was a good guide for Jack.

                  • How did Tim show people he was strong?
                    • He found a passage in the snow.
                    • He performed and exercised in public places.
                    • He lifted a block of ice for them.
                    • He struck the critic in front of them.

                  • What is the main idea of this story?
                    • How a strong man learned a new term
                    • How two men unite and support each other
                    • The best way to strike blocks
                    • How to solve complex problems

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