Jan 28, 2017

UNIT 26: Essential English Words (Book 1)

29 cards
, 71 answers
  • Learn the following target words.



    advice n.
    Advice is an opinion about what to do.
    I don’t know how to study for my exams. Can you give me some advice?

    along prep.
    Along means to move from one part of a road, river, etc. to another.
    Walk along this tunnel for ten minutes, and you’ll see a door on the left.

    attention n.
    Attention is the notice, thought, or consideration of someone.
    His work got the attention of two of his co-workers.

    attract v.
    To attract means to make a person or thing come closer or be interested.
    The magnet attracted the metal.

    climb v.
    To climb means to use your hands and feet to go up on something.
    The girls climbed to the top of the mountain.

    drop v.
    To drop is to fall or allow something to fall.
    A small amount of water dropped from the bottle.

    final adj.
    If something is final, it is the last part.
    In the final part of the film, the man and the woman got married.

    further adj.
    Further is used to say something is from a distance or time.
    The escalator is further along than I thought.

    imply v.
    To imply something is to suggest it without saying it.
    The man implied that he wanted the job, but he didn’t say so.

    maintain v.
    To maintain means to make something stay the same.
    The balls maintain constant movement.

    neither adv.
    You use neither to connect two negative statements.
    Neither the pass on the left nor the pass on the right will lead us home.

    otherwise adv.
    Otherwise means different or in another way.
    It’s good to stay active; otherwise, you’ll gain weight.

    physical adj.
    If something is physical, it is related to your body and not your mind.
    Biking is good for your physical health.

    prove v.
    To prove something is to show that it is true.
    My teacher proved the answer on the board.

    react v.
    To react is to act in a certain way because of something that happened.
    James reacted badly to the news.

    ride v.
    To ride something is to travel on it. You can ride an animal, a bike, etc.
    I will ride a roller-coaster for the first time today.

    situated adj.
    If something is situated somewhere, it is in that place.
    The white board is situated between the two men.

    society n.
    Society is people and the way that they live.
    Society expects people to be good and honest.

    standard n.
    A standard is what people consider normal or good.
    This older model TV is below our store’s standards.

    suggest v.
    To suggest something means to give an idea or plan about it.
    He suggested that we go to see his boss.
    • Choose the right word for the given definition.
      • describing the body
        • drop
        • attention
        • physical
        • final

      • not this one or that one
        • situated
        • further
        • neither
        • along

      • people and how they act
        • society
        • advice
        • otherwise
        • climb

      • to keep something going
        • react
        • maintain
        • standard
        • prove

      • to make someone interested
        • suggest
        • ride
        • attract
        • imply

    • Write a word that is similar in meaning to the underlined part.
      • I invited Jane and Lisa to my house, but not Jane or Lisa could come,
        nei

        • I can jump higher than you. Watch me, and I will show you that I can do it.
          p

          • I’ve nearly finished the book. I’m on the last page,
            f

            • How did Clare act when you told her about the party?
              re

              • In this group of people, wearing hats is common,
                soc

              • Choose the word that is a better fit for each sentence.
                • I  . . . 
                  suggest
                  that you do your homework before you go out.
                  • advice
                  • suggest

                • How much  . . . 
                  further
                  is the beach? I’m tired!
                  • further
                  • along

                • I got everyone’s  . . . 
                  attention
                  with my new dress.
                  • situated
                  • attention

                • Where is your office  . . . 
                  situated
                  in the building?
                  • situated
                  • attention

                • She  . . . 
                  reacted
                  badly to the news.
                  • attracted
                  • reacted

                • He  . . . 
                  attracted
                  my attention by waving to me.
                  • attracted
                  • reacted

                • The  . . . 
                  standard
                  of his work is very high.
                  • standard
                  • dropped

                • I accidentally  . . . 
                  dropped
                  my phone in the snow.
                  • dropped
                  • standard

                • Can I give you some  . . . 
                  advice
                  ?
                  • suggest
                  • advice

                • We walked  . . . 
                  along
                  the path for two hours.
                  • further
                  • along

              • Choose the answer that suits the blank naturally.
                • He said that I should play sports, so I  . . . 
                  suggested playing football
                  .
                  • suggested playing football
                  • gave him my advice

                • If you want to win the race, you need to  . . . 
                  be in good physical condition
                  .
                  • drop off all of your extra work
                  • be in good physical condition

                • The sound of the car’s horn  . . . 
                  got everyone’s attention
                  .
                  • is situated next to the bus stop
                  • got everyone’s attention

                • We are nearly at Jack’s house.  . . . 
                  It’s much further down the road
                  .
                  • He lives along this road
                  • It’s much further down the road

                • She was angry when  . . . 
                  he implied that she was not smart
                  .
                  • he proved that she was right
                  • he implied that she was not smart

              • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.



                Archie and His Donkey

                Old Archie needed some money. He decided to sell his donkey. So he and his son Tom went to town. It was situated many miles away. Soon, they met a woman. “Where are you going?” she asked.

                “To town,” said Archie.

                “Any smart person would ride the donkey,” she said.

                “What are you implying?” Archie asked. “I’m very smart!” Archie wanted to look smart. So he climbed onto the donkey. Then they continued in the direction of the town.

                Further along the road, they met a farmer.

                “Hello,” said Archie. “We want to sell this donkey. Do you want to buy it?”

                “I don’t need a donkey,” said the farmer. “But if you want my advice, don’t ride it. The donkey needs to be in good physical condition.”

                “Good idea,” said Archie. “Tom, I want you to ride it. You’re lighter.”

                Neither you nor your son should ride it. It looks very tired. You should carry the donkey.” suggested the farmer.

                “You’re right,” said Archie. “Come on, Tom! We’ll carry it for the final few miles!” The donkey was very heavy, and they couldn’t maintain a good speed. They didn’t arrive until late in the evening. At last, they walked into the town. But there they attracted the attention of some teenage boys. They laughed at Tom and Archie. They started to throw stones at them. The donkey reacted by kicking. Tom and Archie dropped the donkey. It fell on the ground and then ran away. Archie lost his donkey. He went home with no money.

                What does this story teach us? We cannot please everyone in our society. Don’t take everyone’s advice, but set your own standards. Prove to everyone that you can make decisions by yourself. Otherwise, you may end up with at all.
                • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
                  • Why did the donkey start kicking?
                    • It reacted badly to a group of teenage boys’ teasing.
                    • It became very angry at Archie and Tom.
                    • It didn’t want to go in the direction of the river.
                    • It didn’t want to be carried along the road.

                  • Why did Archie get on the donkey?
                    • The town was situated further away than he had thought.
                    • He did not want to climb the final hill.
                    • His walking speed was too slow.
                    • The woman implied that he wasn’t smart.

                  • What is the main idea of this story?
                    • Teenage boys are the nicest people in society.
                    • You should set your own standards.
                    • You should always take the advice of older people.
                    • You should neither ride nor carry a donkey.

                  • Why did the farmer suggest carrying the donkey?
                    • To keep the donkey in good physical condition
                    • To attract people’s attention
                    • To maintain their speed
                    • To prove that Archie was strong

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