Jan 28, 2017

UNIT 30: Essential English Words (Book 1)

24 cards
, 76 answers
  • Learn the following target words.

    above prep.
    If something is above, it is at a higher level than something else.
    He straightened the sign that was above the crowd.

    ahead adv.
    If something is ahead of something else, it is in front of it.
    The blue car drove on ahead of us.

    amount n.
    An amount is how much there is of something.
    Can I use my card to pay for the entire amount?

    belief n.
    A belief is a strong feeling that something is correct or true.
    A preacher or priest should have a strong belief in God.

    center n.
    The center of something is the middle of it.
    The center of a dart board is the most important spot.

    common adj.
    If something is common, it happens often or there is much of it.
    It is common for snow to fall in the winter.

    cost v.
    To cost is to require expenditure or payment.
    These designer shoes cost more than the regular ones.

    demonstrate v.
    To demonstrate something is to show how it is done.
    She demonstrated her plan to her co-workers.

    different adj.
    Different describes someone or something that is not the same as others.
    Each of my sisters has a different hair style from one another.

    evidence n.
    Evidence is a fact or thing that you use to prove something.
    He used the pictures as evidence that UFOs are real.

    honesty n.
    Honesty means the quality of being truthful or honest.
    A courtroom should be a place of honesty.

    idiom n.
    An idiom is a phrase with a meaning different from its words.
    The idiom “when pigs fly” means that something will never happen.

    independent adj.
    If something is independent, it is not controlled by something else.
    She chose to live an independent life in the country.

    inside n.
    Inside means the inner part, space or side of something.
    The inside of the box was empty.

    master n.
    A master is a person who is very good at something.
    My brother is a master of taekwondo.

    memory n.
    A memory is something you remember.
    The memory of my first time in the city will always be the best.

    proper adj.
    If something is proper, it is right.
    It is not proper to throw your garbage on the road.

    scan v.
    To scan something is to look at it very carefully.
    You must scan each person closely.

    section n.
    A section is a part of something larger.
    The green section of the graph is the most important part.

    surface n.
    The surface of something is the top part or outside of it.
    The surface of the moon is very rough.
    • Choose the right definition for the given word.
      • inside
        • in front
        • the inner part
        • someone very good at something
        • proof

      • memory
        • something you remember
        • a normal thing
        • a bag in clothes
        • how much money

      • scan
        • to give something to someone
        • something that happens a lot
        • to look carefully at something
        • something you remember

      • section
        • the top layer
        • to look at
        • higher
        • a part

      • different
        • not influenced
        • to show how to do
        • a phrase with a different meaning
        • not the same

      • master
        • someone who is very good at something
        • a way of acting
        • to show how to do something
        • a feeling that something is correct or true

      • proper
        • to treat the same
        • correct
        • in the middle
        • a strong feeling

      • idiom
        • a meaning different from its words
        • higher
        • facts that prove something
        • to look carefully

      • amount
        • to treat the same
        • how much there is
        • the right thing to do
        • a part of something larger

      • honesty
        • the top of something
        • to learn about something
        • in front of something
        • the quality of being truthful

    • Chose the better response to each question.
      • What is your belief about ghosts?
        • I think they are real.
        • There are many movies about ghosts.

      • Did he put the table in the center of the room?
        • Yes, it is against the wall.
        • Yes, it is right in the middle.

      • Is his picture above mine?
        • Yes, it is much lower than yours.
        • Yes, it is much higher than yours.

      • Is this the correct amount?
        • No, you must pay more money.
        • No, that is the wrong answer.

      • Should we go straight ahead to get to your house?
        • No, it is in front of us.
        • No, we must turn left.

      • Do you have evidence to prove it?
        • Yes, I have a news article.
        • Yes, I think that I’m a nice person.

      • Will he be an independent leader?
        • Yes, he always does what other people do.
        • Yes, he makes his own decisions.

      • How much did your shirt cost?
        • I bought it at the mall last week.
        • It was on sale for $15.

      • Can you demonstrate how to solve the problem?
        • No, I know how to do it.
        • Yes, I can show you.

      • Is lightning common here?
        • No, it never happens here.
        • No, it happens all the time.

    • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.

      Cats and Secrets

      In English, there is a common idiom “let the cat out of the bag.” It means to tell a secret. But where did this idiom start?

      It came from a section of England. Long ago, people there went from town to town to sell things like vegetables, clothes, and pigs. They had strong beliefs about honesty. They didn’t like lying. One day, a man went to the section’s center to sell things.

      “I have a baby pig for sale! It won’t cost much,” he said. He held the animal above his head. His style was different from honest people’s style. He was a master of tricking people and lying.

      A woman named Beth scanned his pig. He offered her the pig for one gold coin. That was a very small amount. Beth gave him the coin. He put it in his pocket. He walked ahead of Beth to get the pig. He gave her a closed bag and said, “Here’s your pig.” He then left very quickly.

      Beth looked at the bag’s surface. It was moving. She opened it to let the pig out. A cat was inside! “He tricked me! That isn’t proper,” she said.

      Later, the man returned to trick more people. Beth saw him and the memory of the cat came back. She told her friends. They stopped him. But no one knew what to do next.

      Someone said, “We need an independent and fair person to decide that.” They went to the judge. Beth told him about the cat in the bag.

      The judge asked, “Is there evidence? Can you demonstrate how he did it?”

      “Look in his bag,” said Beth. She opened it and let a cat out of the bag. They learned the man’s secret, and he went to jail.

      That’s how the idiom “let the cat out of the bag” came to mean to tell a secret.
      • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
        • What is the main idea of this story?
          • People should scan evidence carefully.
          • Masters of lying will go to jail.
          • It is about a common belief about cats.
          • It is about the origin of an idiom.

        • Why did Beth look at the bag?
          • He offered the pig for so little money.
          • The man had a different style.
          • The man was ahead of her.
          • The surface was moving.

        • What did Beth say after she was tricked?
          • Can you demonstrate how he did it?
          • We need an independent and fair person to help.
          • That’s a very small amount.
          • That’s not proper.

        • Where did the man hold the pig?
          • In the section’s center
          • On the surface of the bag
          • Above his head
          • In a pocket

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