Jun 7, 2016

Lesson 20: Essential Words for the TOEFL

15 cards
, 60 answers
    accentuate       ○      disguise       ○      finance       ○      initiate       ○      innovative       ○      narrate       ○      nevertheless       ○      occasionally       ○      omit       ○      outlandish       ○      overcome       ○      partially       ○      pass       ○      portray       ○      submit

    [v.] to highlight; to give more importance to
    [Syn.] emphasize

    [adj.] accentuated
    [n.] accentuation

    The colorful dress accentuated the joy of the occasion.
    The supervisor accentuated her preference for hard-working employees during the performance appraisal.

    [v.] to hide the usual appearance of something
    [Syn.] conceal

    [adj.] disguised
    [n.] disguise

    It is hard to disguise the fact that business is slow.
    Everyone saw through his disguise.

    [v.] to provide money
    [Syn.] fund

    [adv.] financially
    [adj.] financial
    [v.] financed
    [n.] finance
    [n.] finances

    The art exhibition was financed by a private foundation.
    The college was financially independent.

    [v.] to begin; to establish; to take decisive action without help
    [Syn.] launch

    [adj.] initiated
    [n.] initiation
    [n.] initiative

    The newcomer initiated the long citizenship process.
    Their work shows a lot of initiative.

    [adj.] something newly introduced; creative
    [Syn.] creative

    [n.] innovator
    [n.] innovation

    This innovative project is worthy of support.
    There have been many innovations in the field of genetic engineering.

    [v.] to tell a story; relate
    [Syn.] relate

    [adj.] narrative
    [n.] narrative
    [n.] narration
    [n.] narrator

    Walter Cronkite narrated the documentary film.
    Her fabricated narrative generated a lot of excitement.

    conj. in spite of that
    [Syn.] nonetheless

    She was quite sick; nevertheless, she attended all of her classes.
    His project was flawed; nevertheless it won second prize.

    [adv.] now and then; once in a while
    [Syn.] sometimes

    [adj.] occasional
    [n.] occasion

    Extreme heat occasionally causes health problems.
    They were very fine students who, on occasion, experienced problems with pop quizzes.

    [v.] to leave out, not include
    [Syn.] neglect

    [adj.] omitted
    [n.] omission

    He inadvertently omitted some important data from the report.
    His paper had several notable omissions.

    [adj.] strange and unpleasant; beyond accepted norms
    [Syn.] bizarre

    [adv.] outlandishly

    His outlandish dens demonstrated his creativity.
    Rebellious youth in many countries dress outlandishly.

    [v.] to defeat, fight with success; to take control of an individual
    [Syn.] conquer

    The young woman was overcome with emotion when she learned she had won a scholarship.
    The family overcame many obstacles to purchase the house.

    [adv.] a part of the whole; incomplete
    [Syn.] somewhat

    [adv.] partly
    [adj.] partial
    [n.] part

    The clerk was only partially responsible for the error.
    The business venture was only a partial success.

    [v.] to accept formally by vote
    [Syn.] approve

    [adj.] passable
    [n.] passage

    The proposed amendment passed unanimously.
    The passage of the resolution is in doubt.

    [v.] to represent; to act
    [Syn.] depict

    [n.] portrayal

    The girl portrayed an orphan.
    The book’s portrayal of Mozart as a calm, mature individual is absurd.

    [v.] to turn in, offer for evaluation
    [Syn.] propose

    [n.] submission

    The architects had to submit plans reflecting the new specifications.
    The submission of the application must be made by February 13.

  • Choose the synonym.
    1. launch
      1. overcome
      2. initiate
      3. persuade
      4. investigate

    2. occasionally
      1. suitably
      2. outlandishly
      3. partially
      4. sometimes

    3. submit
      1. approve
      2. propose
      3. omit
      4. develop

    4. creative
      1. fallacious
      2. coherent
      3. innovative
      4. conspicuous

    5. finance
      1. fund
      2. develop
      3. fabricate
      4. oppose

    6. relate
      1. restore
      2. record
      3. narrate
      4. balance

    7. nevertheless
      1. nonetheless
      2. albeit
      3. although
      4. presumably

    8. disguise
      1. delight
      2. neglect
      3. feign
      4. conceal

    9. emphasize
      1. accentuate
      2. conquer
      3. suspect
      4. select

    10. portray
      1. refine
      2. depict
      3. pass
      4. abuse

  • Choose the word that is closest in meaning to the underlined word in the sentence.
    1. President Ford was a frequent opponent of inflationary spending measures passed by Congress.
      1. approved
      2. submitted
      3. financed
      4. initiated

    2. The evolution of life on Earth may be partially typical of the evolution of life on many other planets.
      1. somewhat
      2. exceptionally
      3. nevertheless
      4. occasionally

    3. Sword swallowers must first overcome their fear of projecting the sharp sword down their throat.
      1. disguise
      2. conquer
      3. treat
      4. accentuate

    4. The popular singer Madonna is known for her songs with outlandish lyrics.
      1. innovative
      2. bizarre
      3. relaxing
      4. melodical

    5. Many nature films omit information about the breeding, parenting, and fishing behavior of the Pel fishing owl.
      1. portray
      2. contribute
      3. neglect
      4. narrate

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