Jan 19, 2017

UNIT 19: Essential English Words (Book 1)

20 cards
, 56 answers
  • Learn the following target words.



    alive adj.
    If someone or something is alive, they are not dead.
    My grandparents are still alive even though they are over 90.

    bone n.
    A bone is a hard part of the body.
    I brought home a nice bone for my dog.

    bother v.
    To bother is to make the effort to do something.
    No one bothered to wash the dishes today.

    captain n.
    A captain is the person who leads a ship or airplane.
    The captain sailed his ship to Australia.

    conclusion n.
    The conclusion of something is the final part of it.
    At the conclusion of the race, the spectators cheered for the winner.

    doubt n.
    Doubt is a feeling of not being sure.
    I have doubt that the story is true.

    explore v.
    To explore is to look for new places.
    He wants to explore the world and see new things.

    foreign adj.
    If something is foreign, it is from a different country.
    Mexican food is a popular foreign food.

    glad adj.
    If you are glad, you are happy.
    I am glad you came to my party.

    however adv.
    However means despite or not being influenced by something.
    She is a great cook. However, she never had professional lessons.

    injustice n.
    Injustice is a lack of fairness or justice.
    Putting an innocent person in jail is an act of injustice.

    international adj.
    If something is international, it involves more than one country.
    The United Nations is a powerful international organization.

    lawyer n.
    A lawyer works with the law and represents people in court.
    The lawyer left the courthouse after the judge made her decision.

    mention v.
    To mention something is to talk about it.
    The doctors mentioned the problems that the patient was having.

    policy n.
    A policy is a rule.
    He told us that his policy was to put customers first.

    social adj.
    If something is social, it is about many people in a community.
    People should come together and fix the world’s social problems.

    speech n.
    A speech is something said to a group of people.
    She gave a speech to the class.

    staff n.
    A staff is a group of people working together in a company.
    My dad has a staff of four people to help him at the office.

    toward prep.
    If you go toward something, you go closer to it.
    Santa walked toward my house with a special tree.

    wood n.
    Wood is the thing that trees are made of.
    I put the pieces of wood in a pile.
    • Choose the right definition for the given word.
      • social
        • about a different country
        • about many people
        • about many countries
        • not dead

      • bother
        • to look for new places
        • to not believe
        • to make the effort to do something!
        • to talk about something

      • lawyer
        • a part of the body
        • leader
        • a person who works with the law
        • to be treated unfairly

      • mention
        • to be happy
        • to say
        • to not believe
        • to look at

      • however
        • despite something
        • part of a tree
        • a rule
        • the last part

    • Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the word bank.

      WORD BANK

      wood       ○      toward       ○      policy       ○      speech       ○      staff
      • My new desk is made of

        • There are over 500 people on the hospital’s

          • Students must start class at 9:00 each morning. This is the school’s

            • The president gave a last night.

              • Go the river, but stop before you get in the water!

              • Write a word that is similar in meaning to the underlined part.
                • He gave a talk to a group of people at the meeting,
                  spe

                  • Did anyone make the effort to do their homework?
                    bo

                    • The chair is made of the material trees are made of.
                      wo

                      • He is not dead; I saw him yesterday.
                        a

                        • The group of workers helped him with his work,
                          s

                        • Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the word bank.

                          WORD BANK

                          mentioned       ○      however       ○      policy       ○      staff       ○      speech       ○      bothered       ○      conclusion       ○      injustice       ○      bones       ○      doubt
                          • My teacher’s name is Mrs. Smith. Yesterday, she gave a to our class. She said there was a new about the school diet. No one is allowed to eat cookies anymore! The school’s decided that their students didn’t eat healthily. They wanted students to improve their eating habits. Everyone will have to drink a cup of milk at lunch. She said milk gives our bodies stronger She also that sugar is bad for us. She said she had no that we would all feel better. We all thought that it was an But at the of class, she told us one more thing, “It was a joke!” no one thought that it was very funny. And no students to laugh.

                          • Read the story aloud. Pay attention to the bolded words.



                            Shipwrecked

                            Simon Yates was a lawyer. He helped many people. However, he was not a nice man. His policy was to help only rich people. He didn’t bother about social injustice. He made a lot of money, but many people didn’t like him. Even people on his staff didn’t like him. They wanted bad things to happen to him. In fact, they were glad when he got into trouble.

                            Simon had a very bad day. He did many things wrong and lost his job. Soon, he didn’t have any money. His wife, Mrs. Yates, began to have doubts about him. Simon wanted to start a new life. He planned to leave the country.

                            He mentioned his plan to the captain of a ship. The captain was exploring the world. The captain felt bad for Simon and said, “I will take you to foreign countries.” They left the next day.

                            Near the conclusion of their international trip, the weather turned bad. A wave pushed Simon off the boat. But he was alive. He swam toward an island. After a longtime he got there.

                            At first he was upset. He was lost and alone. “I’ll never go home again,” he thought. He had a lot of problems, but he survived. He built a house in a tree. He lived on a diet of fish. He made tools from wood and bones. He made a cup to drink rainwater.

                            Slowly he learned to be happy on the island. He swam every day. He had trouble sometimes, but he always found a way to fix the problem. Life was simple. He liked it.

                            Finally, people on a ship saw Simon on the island. They wanted to take him home. But Simon was happy. He gave them a long speech about life. He said he wanted to stay. He liked his new, simple life more than his old life.
                            • Reading comprehension. Asses your understanding of the story by answering the questions below.
                              • How does Simon stay alive on the island?
                                • He makes tools from bones and wood.
                                • He eats food from the trees.
                                • He makes clothes from a tree.
                                • He uses a cup to drink seawater.

                              • What is this story about?
                                • How the captain of a ship explored foreign places
                                • Why a man and a woman went on an international trip
                                • How a lawyer stayed alive alone on an island
                                • Why it is a good policy to worry about social problems

                              • Why does Simon not stay on the boat?
                                • He wants to swim toward an island.
                                • The staff do not like him.
                                • He does not like the diet of only fish.
                                • A wave pushes him off the ship.

                              • What did Simon mention in his speech?
                                • He had doubts about staying on the island.
                                • He was unhappy to be alone.
                                • He was glad to be on the island.
                                • He wanted to see Mrs. Yates.

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